kaliteee - Erman Pattuk 8144 Section: D-2 20/11/2004...

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Erman Pattuk 8144 Section: D-2 20/11/2004 Research About Turkish Migration To Germany If we want to know better about Turkish migration to Germany, firstly we had better know the meaning and the types of “migration”. According to Cengiz Şahin (2001), “migration” is the move of large numbers of people between two countries or regions because of economical, political or cultural reasons. He adds that migrations made in the last decades may be described as the move of people between two countries to find jobs, to create better economical conditions for his/her family. Ahmet Gökdere expresses another definition for “migration” as the move of people for a relatively long time between relatively far places (1978). Gökdere describes “relatively long time” as at least one year lived in the host country (1978). In addition to this definition, he separates “migration” into two types: Voluntary migration and forced migration. Voluntary migration is made because of economical reasons; on the other hand, forced migration is made because of limitation in human rights or the treat of losing life (Gökdere, 1978). According to these definitions, I describe Turkish migration to Germany as a voluntary migration made because of economical reasons. I divided the rest of my essay into three parts: Patterns of the migration, benefits and losses for the migrant community and for the host community. 1) Patterns of the Migration “Relationship between Turkey and Germany for workforce doesn’t have a long past compared to other countries (Spain, Pakistan, and India).” says Cemal Yalçın (2002, p.146). The relationship is only 43 years old. Federal Republic of Germany and Turkey sign the first workforce pact on 30.10.1961 (Gökdere, 1978, p.275). The first migrants were usually male workers, who migrated without their family (Suzuki, n.d.). Suzuki points out that they moved without their families, because the first migrants were hoping to return to Turkey in a short time (n.d.). However, after a few years, they understood that returning without a significant profit was illogical so they started to bring their families from Turkey (Gökdere, 1978). This is probably why the proportion of women
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2012 for the course FENS 101 taught by Professor Selçukerdem during the Fall '12 term at Sabancı University.

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kaliteee - Erman Pattuk 8144 Section: D-2 20/11/2004...

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