Lecture 10A - Hydroelectric Power - Part 1

Lecture 10A - Hydroelectric Power - Part 1 - 2/18/11 ECE...

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2/18/11 1 ECE 4364/5374G-10A (c) Saifur Rahman 1 Professor Saifur Rahman Electrical & Computer Engineering Dept. Virginia Tech ECE 4364/5374G: Alternate Energy Systems Lecture 10A: Hydroelectric Power - 1 ECE 4364/5374G-10A (c) Saifur Rahman 2 Chapter 10 – Hydroelectric Power 10.1 Introduction Hydropower provided much of the energy for the industrial revolution in England, and the industrial development in the northeastern United States till the 1930 ` s and 1940 ` s. From that time till now in the United States the hydropower ` s contribution in the electricity generation mix steadily declined from 40 percent to about 10 percent. The advent of abundant and inexpensive fossil fuels, first coal then oil, and finally natural gas in the United States coupled with advances in generation technology which led to the economies of scale, resulted in large scale development of thermal power plants in the United States and many industrialized countries.
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2/18/11 2 ECE 4364/5374G-10A (c) Saifur Rahman 3 ECE 4364/5374G-10A (c) Saifur Rahman 4 The reservoir created by the dam may store and regulate stream flows to make them more timely for power production, and to serve other purposes for water resource development. The main facilities of the power house are the hydraulic- mechanical works consisting of turbines, upstream waterways known as the penstock, and the downstream discharge channels with appropriate valves and gates to
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Lecture 10A - Hydroelectric Power - Part 1 - 2/18/11 ECE...

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