Midterm Study Guide _MC ANSWERS

Midterm Study Guide _MC ANSWERS - Psyc420 Midterm Study...

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Psyc420 Midterm Study Guide Multiple Choice Answers Rooting would be considered a(n) __________ reflex, while eye blinks and sneezing would be considered __________ reflexes. a. approach; avoidance b. avoidance; approach c. vestigial; approach d. avoidance; vestigial Answer: a Page(s): 133 Section: The Newborn Rationale: Rooting is an approach reflex because it helps the newborn find the breast and, thus, obtain food needed for survival. Eye blinks and sneezing help protect the newborn from harmful substance they need to avoid. Vestigial reflexes served a purpose in the history of the species, but serve no useful purpose today. According to Piaget, at each stage, thinking is guided by a. inborn quantitative mechanisms. b. the social interactions that the child encounters. c. the training that the child receives during a critical period. d. a set of organized cognitive structures. Answer: d Page(s): 143 Section: Cognitive Development Rationale: Piaget believed that at each stage, thinking was guided by a set of organized cognitive structures, which are ways of interpreting events and interacting with the world. Jana is a two-month-old baby; and her parents are astonished by the improvement that is occurring in her motor skills every day as well as by Jana’s increasing alertness and engagement with her environment. Jana’s parents are witnessing would best be referred to as Jana’s a. aging. b. maturation. c. coalescence. d. adaptation. Answer: b Page(s): 136 Section: Physical Development Rationale: Maturation is the genetically-determined unfolding of physical and behavioral changes over time that Jana is exhibiting. According to Piaget, children learn to adjust to new situations through the two processes of
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a. assimilation and accommodation. b. inhibition and disinhibition. c. attention and executive process. d. scaffolding and social referencing. Answer: a Page(s): 144 Section: Cognitive Development Rationale: According to Piaget, children learn to adjust to new situations through the two processes of assimilation and accommodation. Gail is three-and-half months old and is capable of showing all of the following emotional expressions EXCEPT a. joyful expressions. b. anger. c. fear. d. sad (non-crying). Answer: c Page(s): 156 Section: Emotional and Social Development Rationale: It is not until six to seven months that fear expression is shown. The other emotions are shown by three to four months. Madge and Terri are playing with their dolls near each other but they are not interacting with each other as they play. This type of play is called a. parallel play. b. complementary and reciprocal play. c. cooperative social pretend play. d. onlooker play. Answer:
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2012 for the course PYSC 420 taught by Professor Ms.kivita during the Spring '12 term at South Carolina.

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Midterm Study Guide _MC ANSWERS - Psyc420 Midterm Study...

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