Midterm Study Guide_Psyc420_Spring2012

Midterm Study Guide_Psyc420_Spring2012 - Developmental...

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Developmental Psychology Psyc420: Spring 2012 MIDTERM EXAM STUDY GUIDE Sample Multiple Choice Questions 1. Rooting would be considered a(n) __________ reflex, while eye blinks and sneezing would be considered __________ reflexes. a. approach; avoidance b. avoidance; approach c. vestigial; approach d. avoidance; vestigial 2. According to Piaget, at each stage, thinking is guided by a. inborn quantitative mechanisms. b. the social interactions that the child encounters. c. the training that the child receives during a critical period. d. a set of organized cognitive structures. 3. Jana is a two-month-old baby; and her parents are astonished by the improvement that is occurring in her motor skills every day as well as by Jana’s increasing alertness and engagement with her environment. Jana’s parents are witnessing would best be referred to as Jana’s a. aging. b. maturation. c. coalescence. d. adaptation. 4. According to Piaget, children learn to adjust to new situations through the two processes of a. assimilation and accommodation. b. inhibition and disinhibition. c. attention and executive process. d. scaffolding and social referencing. 5. Gail is three-and-half months old and is capable of showing all of the following emotional expressions EXCEPT a. joyful expressions. b. anger. c. fear. d. sad (non-crying). 6. Madge and Terri are playing with their dolls near each other but they are not interacting with each other as they play. This type of play is called a. parallel play. b. complementary and reciprocal play.
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c. cooperative social pretend play. d. onlooker play. 7. Margo is trying to give a boost to her infant’s intelligence by playing classical music in the nursery, showing her baby flash cards of the presidents and states, and buying her a multitude of educational toys. Margo most likely advocates which view of intelligence? a. nature b. evolutionary c. nurture d. genetic 8. According to Zimmerman and colleagues (2007), the content of television shows viewed by children age 2 and younger can affect _______ development. a. Vocabulary b. Gross motor skill c. Fine motor skill d. Vision 9. Regarding early sex differences, boy infants__________ than girls. a. weigh a little more and have larger hearts and lungs b. have more fat at birth c. point earlier and are quicker to produce words d. are better at discriminating facial expressions 10. Joey is a happy, easy-going baby, who adapts well to most situations. His cousin Sam is somewhat cranky and has intense reactions to new situations. These characteristics of Joey and Sam illustrate the differences in children’s a. typology. b.
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2012 for the course PYSC 420 taught by Professor Ms.kivita during the Spring '12 term at South Carolina.

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Midterm Study Guide_Psyc420_Spring2012 - Developmental...

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