First 50 terms 1st exam

First 50 terms 1st exam - Film Terminology Taken from A...

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Film Terminology Taken from A Viewer’s Guide to Film by Richard M. Gollin. McGraw-Hill,Inc and other sources abstraction: a picture’s formal characteristics, its lines, shapes, masses, shadings, colors, textures, and their relationships, stripped of all representational meaning and signifying nothing; also, particular ideas when stripped of their particularity and restated as general categories and principles academy ratio: the “golden mean” relationship of a picture’s width to its height estab- lished by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, 4 to 3, standard before 1950 and still used for TV A.C.E.: American Cinema Editors, the guild which many professional film editors belong adaptations: filmed versions of works originally produced in other media, typically liter- ary or theatrical ADR editor: the technician who operates “automatic dialogue replacement” dubbing or looping A.S.C.: American Society of Cinematographers, the self-selecting guild or union of most of the best (in Britain, B.S.C.) ambient sound: "live" background sounds creating the illusion that we are seeing and hearing a real world, such as the sounds of distant birds or cars, supposedly incidental but in fact functioning to enhance the drama. American shot: a three-quarter shot showing a human figure from the knees up, implying the ability to move at will, so-called by the French. animation: drawings, clay figures, and sand swirls, or various objects seemingly “anim- ated” or brought to life, made to seem to move by photographing them one frame at a time, with slight changes in position introduced between frames, then projecting these frames at regular speeds antagonist: any character or force opposing the protagonist's desires, making for diffi- culties or dramatic conflict; in U.S. films usually though not always a bad guy. art documentary: a nonfiction film appreciated more for its style, or for its aesthetic qual- ities, than for its subject, message, or truth aspect ratio: the screens' width in relation to its height, classically 1.33 to 1, more re- cently widescreen's 1.85 to 1, or, if an anamorphic ratio, 235 to 1. assistant director: one of several director's helpers as needed to assist with set-ups, sec- ondary shots, car or crowd cueing and control, preliminary rehearsals of lesser per-
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formers, or other directorial chores.
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