AP Euro Ch 11 Vocab.docx - Chapter 11 Vocabulary 1...

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Chapter 11: Vocabulary :)1.“Little ice age” and great famine- period of colder climate & increase glaciation occurring between warmer periods; from 1315-1317, first large scale crises that struck Europe (affection Russia to Italy)2.Black Death- A widespread epidemic of bubonic plague that occurred in several outbreaks between 1347 and 14003.Bubonic Plague- the most common form of plague in humans, characterized by fever, delirium, and the formation of buboes4.Yersinia Pestis- Gram-negative, rod-shaped coccobacillus, a facultative anaerobic organism that can infect humans via the oriental rat flea (caused bubonic plague)5.Pneumonic Plague- plague of an extremely virulent form that is caused by a bacterium of the genus Yersinia, involves chiefly the lungs, and usually is transmitted from person to person by droplet infection6.Giovanni Boccaccio's Decameron- is a collection of novellas by the 14th-century Italian author Giovanni Boccaccio7.Flagellants- a person who subjects themselves or others to flogging, either as a religious discipline or for sexual gratification8.Pogroms- an organized massacre of a particular ethnic group, in particular that of Jews in Russia or eastern Europe9.Statute of Laborers- a law created by the English parliament under King Edward III in 1351 in response to a labour shortage, designed to suppress the labour force by prohibiting increases in wages and prohibiting the movement of workers from their homeareas in search of improved conditions10.Jacquerie-a peasants' revolt in France11.Wat Tyler, John Ball, and the English Peasants’ Revolt- Great Rising, was a major uprisingacross large parts of England in 1381; inspired by the sermons of the radical cleric John Ball, and led by Wat Tyler, a contingent of Kentish rebels advanced on London12.Florence’s Ciompi- rebellion among unrepresented labourers which occurred in Florence,Italy from 1378 to 1382. Those who revolted consisted of artisans, labourers, and craftsmen who did not belong to any guilds and were therefore unable to participate in the Florentine government
13.The Hundred Years War-A war between France and England that lasted from the middle of the fourteenth century to the middle of the fifteenth. The kings of England invaded France, trying to claim the throne14.Longbow-a large bow drawn by hand and shooting a long feathered arrow. It was the

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