Chapter 2 CRJU 312_2

Chapter 2 CRJU 312_2 - Chapter 2: The Punishment of...

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Chapter 2: The Punishment of Offenders Early Forms of Punishment Pillories Other early forms of punishment Branks and Bridles Branding Some more… Whipping Ducking Stool Hangings lex talionis *Law of retaliation: Age of Reason *“The Enlightenment”: *Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794) Beccaria o Italian Criminologist, Economist, Jurist o On Crimes and Punishments (1764) Linked to deterrence Beccaria and the Classical School *Crime is considered … *Prevention is more… *Only justification for punishment… *Rational link between … *Deterrence can work as long as it is… *Shift away from infliction of pain… 1
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*Advocated for humane treatment of … Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) Bentham “The Utilitarian” *People are constantly… *Believed it was possible to… The Purpose of Corrections Elements of Punishment (Packer) Major Goals of Punishment *Retribution *Deterrence (specific and general) *Incapacitation *Rehabilitation Retribution We punish because… *Is the… *Emphasizes equity and …
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Chapter 2 CRJU 312_2 - Chapter 2: The Punishment of...

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