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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6: Causation and Research Design * (1) Causal Explanation * (2) Criteria for Causal Explanations * Empirical Association * Temporal Order * Nonspuriousness *Causal mechanism *Context * (3) Research Designs and Causal Relationships What is a cause? Causal Explanation Nomothetic causal explanations: *Involves the idea that variation… * Counterfactual : is the circumstance that it would have been… *Problem is that we really never… * Causal effect (nomothetic) IV DV (presumed cause) (potential effect) *Researchers who claim a causal effect have concluded that the value of cases on the DV (e.g., future Domestic Violence assaults) differs from what their value would have been in the absence of variation in the IV (e.g., the particular domestic violence arrest policy). *Variation in arrest policy (e.g., mandatory arrest vs. no mandatory arrest) Criteria for Causation 1. Two variables must be…....
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- Spring '08
- Causality, causal explanations, Experimental Group, causal relationship, Experimental Designs and Causal Relationships, Research Designs and Causal Relationships