309 test 4 - Chapter 11-Leadership The ability to influence...

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Chapter 11 -Leadership: The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals -Organizations need strong leadership and strong management for optimal effectiveness -Trait theories of leadership: consider personal qualities and characteristics that differentiate leaders from leaders -Extraversion is most important trait of effective leaders -Conscientiousness and openness to experience are too -Core component of EI is empathy -Traits can predict leadership but better at prediction the emergence/appearance of relationship - Behavioral theories of leadership: Theories proposing that specific behaviors differentiate leaders from nonleaders - Initiating structure: The extent to which a leader is likely to define and structure his or her role and those of subordinates in the search for goal attainment - Consideration: The extent to which a leader is likely to have job relationships characterized by mutual trust, respect for subordinates ideas and regard for their feelings - Employee-oriented leader: A leader who emphasizes interpersonal relations, takes a personal interest in the needs of employees, and accepts individual differences among members - Production-oriented leader: Emphasizes technical or task aspects of the job - Fiedler contingency model: effective groups depend on a proper match between a leader’s style of interacting with subordinates and the degree to which the situation gives control and influence to the leader - Least preferred co-worker (LPC) questionnaire: An instrument that purports to measure whether a person is task or relationship -Three contingency or situational dimensions: -Leader-member relations -Task structure -Position power -Task-oriented leaders perform best in situations of high and low control and relationship perform in moderate - Situational leadership theory: A contingency theory that focuses on follower’s readiness - Path-goal theory: leaders job to assist followers in attaining their goals and to provide the necessary direction and/or support to ensure that their goals are compatible with the overall objectives of the group - Leader-participation model: provides a set of rules to determine the form and amount of participative decision making in different situations - Leader-member exchange theory: Supports leaders creation of in groups and out groups subordinates with in group status will have higher performance ratings, less turnover, and greater job satisfaction - Charismatic leadership theory: followers make attributions of heroic or extraordinary leadership abilities when they observe certain behaviors - Vision: a long-term strategy for attaining a goal or goals, how charismatic leaders influence - Vision statement:
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