mental illness - Pamela Turner Hca 240 Mental health can...

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Pamela Turner Hca 240 Mental health can affect the daily routines and quality of life for one suffering from a mental illness. ADHD known medically as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can affect both children and adults. Many believe this is a fairly new mental illness but has been under research beginning in the early 1970’s. Various lifestyle, environment, social, and emotional changes can affect the outcome of one suffering from this mental illness. ADHD label’s given to both children and adults with difficulties in inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and boredom. ADHD effects the neurotransmitters within the brain cause the brain the inability to process and function properly. Various steps are necessary to diagnose ADHD and can take some time but typically signs are noticed before the age of seven (Francis, 2010). Nearly 35% of adolescents sent to mental health facilities are seeking medical help for ADHD. It is the most common of all psychiatric disorders (Sibley et al, 2010). History and Background Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder causes a disruption of neurobehavioral developmental condition, which affects both children and adults marked by the presence of inattention and possibly increased activity. Delays in impulse control can be present as well. The condition appears to affect the brain areas involved in problem-solving, planning, and comprehension. The condition is thought to impact three to five percent of school age children. This condition was previously thought to be a psychiatric condition limited to childhood, but neurological evidence has been found for the condition being present in adults. A chronic disorder with a majority of those diagnosed as children continuing to demonstrate the signs and symptoms of ADHD throughout adulthood (Francis, 2010). Studies of the causes of ADHD have produced varied answers. One study showed delays in the development through the frontal cortex as well as the temporal lobe, thought to have involvement with exercising control and ability to stay focused (Sibley et al, 2010) Other studies have shown ADHD subjects to have areas within the brain that mature sooner than others. The motor cortex of ADHD subjects appears to mature faster accounting for the need for delayed development to control ADHD behaviors. Stimulant medication affects the growth of structures within the central nervous system. The low arousal theory exerts that ADHD patients suffer from a state of abnormally low arousal and self-stimulate or engage in excessive activity to relieve the anxiety this produces. The patients are thought to be cannot exert self-management and
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mental illness - Pamela Turner Hca 240 Mental health can...

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