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TERM PAPER BUDDHISM - Diaz 1 Joel Diaz Period 1 Buddhism...

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Diaz, 1 Joel Diaz Period 1 March 31, 2009 Buddhism and Its Concept As young prince of the Shakhya clan, Siddhartha Gautama had been raised in his royal palace, isolated from the outside world. One day, he asked to go beyond the palace gates, into the real world, where he encountered suffering in the forms of old age, sickness, and death as well as encountering a wandering ascetic. From this experience, he decided to become a wandering ascetic, seeking liberation from the world of suffering. He practiced discipline, starvation, meditation, and studied with various teachers, but he did not accomplish what he wanted. One day, he came upon a bodhi tree, where he sat down and meditated, determined to find insight into what he sought. Eventually, he attained enlightenment and discovered the truth of human existence, had seen his past lives, and found the causes of suffering and rebirth. He became a Buddha, or “Awakened One” (Eckel, 6). A widely practiced religion in many parts of Asia, Buddhism makes its mark on the lives of practicing believers with concepts that include the world and its purpose, suffering and its cause, and enlightenment and its benefit. Once Siddhartha Gautama became enlightened, he wandered and taught about his awakening and his concept of the world, until his very last breath. His teaching spread all throughout Asia. These concepts bring an insight into the world of a Buddhist. They demonstrate the beliefs, and the view of the world of practicing believers. It also demonstrates their ethics, their moral guidelines, their view on the afterlife, and their compassion for others. Buddhists believe that the world consists of a cycle of death and rebirth called samsara. Everyone experiences the cycle of death and rebirth, and every state of rebirth, or reincarnation,
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Diaz, 2 is never permanent. According to Gyatso, “even though the body disintegrates at death, the continuum of the mind remains unbroken” (19). In death, the body disintegrates into the earth but the mind continues onto the next life, so suffering is continuous after death. One must escape samsara in order to obtain real happiness and freedom. By contemplating the many faults of samsara, a motivation to escape occurs, which is called renunciation.
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