exam 1 social probs - The Sociological Imagination - Point...

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The Sociological Imagination - Point of view that highlights how society affects the experiences we have and the choices we make. - Sociological perspective doesn’t deny personal choices exists, but emphasizes that our choices are constrained by society. The Sociological Perspective - Personal Problems that are really social issues. 1. Obesity - Is it because of individual choices or how our society is setup? 2. Suicide - What seems like a very personal decision is a very patterned phenomenon. - Economic depression - Gender - Marital status Social Problem Defined - a social problem is a condition that undermines the well being of some or all members of a society and is usually a matter of public controversy. - Social problems change over time. Social Problems in 1935 and 2006 1935 1. Unemployment (Great Depression) 2. Inefficient gov. 3. Danger of war. 4. High taxes 2006 1. Iraq war. 2. Economy, unemployment 3. Terrorism and National security 4. Dissatisfaction with gov. Claims Making: How a social problem becomes a problem. - For a condition to be defined as a social problem, a small # of ppl make claims that the issue should be defined that way. - Need to make an issue a controversy. - Must convince others that the existing situation is not acceptable. - Examples: Take back he night, AIDS (mass media, social movements) - Bumper sticker claims making: Guns don’t kill people; people kill people/ It’s a child, not a choice/ When Clinton lied, no one died/ No war for oil/ Ethnocentrism Defined - The tendency to view ones own culture or subculture as the best and to judge other cultures or subcultures in comparison to it.
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- Because of it, people may view the practice of another subculture as a social problem because it is different than their own. - To Eat or Not to Eat… (Horses) Uniquely American Medical Enigma - U.S. is almost alone in industrialized countries in circumcising males. - Still performed over ½ of American newborn males. - Circumcision arouse out of fears of masturbation and juvenile sexuality. - The most common justification for circumcision is the need to look like the father and not be teased by peers. - Female Genital Mutilation - Language Male vs. Female Circumcision - FGM is, like male circumcision in the U.S., seen as a rite of passage - How are these practices the same or different?
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Income Inequality Sociological Imagination and Income Inequality •Sociology focuses on how structural forces and the family you are born into affects life chances Social Stratification •Income is unequally distributed in the U.S. •20/80 earning (yearly) •20/84 private wealth (all privately held wealth) •Gap between rich and poor is greatest it has been in past 50 years Distributive Justice •People have more or less opportunities than others by virtue of the class they are born into •How does the class you are born into affect your life chances? (Education) Who is most likely to be “rich”?
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exam 1 social probs - The Sociological Imagination - Point...

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