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Unformatted text preview: 9-28-10IV. Motor DevelopmentA. Hold head up; sit with support; roll tummy to back (3-4 months)V. Newborns ability to learnA. Operant Conditioning (OC) (Reinforcement, Punishment, and Extinction) Do newborns respond to reinforcement? Yes, but need many repetitions and behavior must be easy (sucking, tongue out, kicking)B. Classical conditioning Pavlovs dogs. -Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS): food on tongue-Unconditioned Response (UR): salivation-Conditioned Stimulus (CS): bell-CSUCS -> UR-CS -> CR-Newborns:oUCS = bottle with sugar wateroUCR = pucker and suckoCS = pat on headoPat bottle -> pucker and suckoPat -> pucker and suck-Newborns dont classical condition to negative stimuli ex. Doctor gives shots: doesnt lead to fear of doctor until couple months of age.C. Imitation Newborns imitate very simple behaviors (e.g., sticking out tongue). To measure, count how many times a baby naturally sticks its tongue out, then stick tongue out repeatedly and then count how many times a baby sticks out its tongue...
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course DEP 3103 taught by Professor Lane during the Fall '08 term at FSU.
- Fall '08