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12-2-10 - C Biological Theories 1 Sex hormones in blood(at...

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C. Biological Theories 1. Sex hormones in blood (at particular point in time) can have direct effect on behavior ---- NOT SUPPORTED 2. Prenatal surges of sex hormones can sensitize brain for lateralization and later cognitive development ---- some evidence for this III. Explanations for specific gender differences A. Aggression (physical and verbal) 1. At least, in part, biological Evidence: found in other cultures and close animal relatives 2. Belief that adults tolerate aggression more from boys than girls --- NOT supported B. Math Achievement 1. Combination Social-Cognitive and Traditional Learning: Advanced math stereotyped as “male” and adults encourage boys in advanced math/science. --- Some evidence. But even when these factors do not occur, girls like math less. 2. Combined Social and Biological: Boys tendency to climb, explore environment, and build things promotes Visual-Spatial skills, which facilitate math. Evidence: Encouraging these activities improves Visual-Spatial skills.
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