DEP Test4

DEP Test4 - Family I Styles of parenting during childhood...

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Family I. Styles of parenting during childhood and adolescence A. 2 separate dimensions: emotionality and control 1. Emotionality (Responsiveness) - High: warm, loving, responsive to desires of child, “child- centered” - Low: cold, rejecting, unresponsive, “parent-entered” 2. Control (how much control parents exert) - High: set clear rules, discipline when rules broken, don’t tolerate unacceptable or immature behavior, hold high standards; monitor child’s behavior, - Low: don’t set clear rules, lack of or inconsistent discipline, allow child to express impulses B. Parent style based on combined dimensions Warm, Responsive Cold, Unresponsive High Control Authoritative Authoritarian Low Control Permissive/ Indulgent Uninvolved/ Neglecting C. Child outcomes that are likely with each parenting style 1. Conflicted- irritable : anxious, low self concept, don’t feel in control of life --- look to others for approval and what to do, vulnerable to stress - Authoritarian 2. Impulsive-aggressive : non-compliant, low achievement, impulsive and aggressive (usually not severe delinquent) - Permissive 3. Neglected : Lack of attachment, low achievement, low social competence, truancy, precocious sex, delinquency - Uninvolved/ Neglecting 4. Energetic-friendly : high self-concept, high achievement, high self- control, little anti-social behavior, high attachment. - Authoritative D. Exceptions to rules 1. For poor minorities in dangerous neighborhoods, kids show best adjustment with Authoritarian. 2. Asian (e.g., Chinese) parent who are Authoritarian tend to be viewed very positively and have positive child outcomes. Authoritarian has different meaning in Asian culture, which values following family and cultural standards over independence and following internal standards. II. Discipline (“punishment”) Negative consequence when child misbehaves. NOT necessarily physical or severe. A. Which parents regularly use discipline? Authoritarian and Authoritative B. How to use it effectively 1. When possible, negative consequences should be immediate and consistent . 2. Rules and consequences for breaking rules should be clear
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3. Never threaten if cannot follow through 4. Avoid all physical punishment a) Current recommendation of National Academy of Pediatrics b) Reasons to avoid physical punishment 1) Child gets aroused so less likely to learn lesson 2) Provides aggressive model 3) Danger of escalating into abuse 5. Alternatives to physical punishment a) Infancy 1) Punishment rarely appropriate before ~6 months 2) When old enough to get into things, use: firm “NO!” and redirect attention 3) “Habit train” to engage in good behaviors; Make it easy for them to behave well and reinforce kids for good behavior; start young.
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course DEP 3103 taught by Professor Lane during the Fall '08 term at FSU.

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DEP Test4 - Family I Styles of parenting during childhood...

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