LAH Test3

LAH Test3 - Latin American Independence Movements, Part 2...

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Latin American Independence Movements, Part 2 Nueva Granada – Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela Independence in Nueva Granada - Simon Bolivar , pg. 70-71, 79, 81 o “The Liberator” - April 10, 1810, Creole Rebellion – economic dissatisfaction, merchants wanted freer trade o He led it - Constitution of 1811 – came about from Creoles o Appointed a new regime, a weak triumvirate to rule in interests of the elite o Property requirement were imposed to vote and hold office o National guard was established to regulate slaves o New vagrancy laws took aim at the llaneros - Francisco de Miranda pg. 76, 78 – thought the situation was hopeless, finalized an armistice (stop the fighting), and attempted to escape to Britain o Bolivar arrested and turned him over to Spanish Royal army and said he was the one leading the rebellion - Caracas, 1814 Royalist and rebels Bolivar exiled to Colombia - Llaneros (cowboys) - of the grasslands, who free lifestyle was seen as chaotic by the elites o May 1814 Rebellion – Bolivar exiled to Jamaica after forming the “Second Republic” in 1813, which was a dictatorship - Bolivar Returns, 1816 – to Venezuela o Used San Martin’s tactics to crossed the Andes in the North to free New Granada in 1819 - Constitution of 1819 o Granted dictatorship rights o Senate seats were heritable o Anyone who joined rebel army would receive plot of land once war was over. - Gran Columbia – regions eventually broke down to smaller republics o Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Panama all together Only a truly free republican government Promise of land reform Equality Hispaniola – Haiti and Dominican Republic Sugar Plantation
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Haitian Revolution, pg. 74-75 - Saint Domingue – the French colony that occupied the western third of the island of Hispaniola. - Sugar Production o Imported larger amounts of slaves to work the land o Sugar profits soared o High death rates for slaves - Population, c. 1789 o 90% slave, 10% free o Mulattos = 1/3 of free population - Code Noir (slave codes) – regulated slavery - Maroons (runaways) – Maroon communities Maroon Community in Jamaica, c. 18 th Century o “Task System” – slave owed master a certain amount of work per day o French Revolution, 1789 o Echoed in the Carribean o Toussaint L’ Ouverture , pg. 74-75 o Educated slave, who attempted to liberate his fellow slaves (100,000 strong) o Started when the Assembly extended the vote to all free persons, which the planters’ demanded the repeal of; it precipitated a struggle between them and the mulattos o Spent a decade fighting different groups. o French induced him to a meeting only to seize him and imprison him. o August 22, 1791 - Slave Uprising – lead by L’Ouverture’s two Lieutenants o Jean-Jacques Dessalines o Henri Christophe o January 1, 1804 – defeated the French by the combination of the slaves strength and yellow fever. o
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course LAH 1093 taught by Professor Weber during the Fall '08 term at FSU.

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LAH Test3 - Latin American Independence Movements, Part 2...

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