Test 2

Test 2 - Test 2 - 2nd half of ch 2, 3, 5, 7 &...

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Colonial Latin America From De Bry, Great Voyages (1591) Colonial Economy** - Gold o New Granada o Colombia o Brazil – Portuguese stayed on the coast until they discovered gold. - Silver o Zacatecas – northern Mexico o Potosi – in Peru/ Andean region - Quinta: o Crown share = 1/5 o Stationed colonial officials - Indigo - dye - Cochineal – red dye - Cacao - Timber – ship industry in Europe. - Pampas o Cattle – did very well in the new environments - Forced Labor o Encomienda – grants of indigenous labor Extractive industry/ Commercial agriculture Labor Systems: Encomienda/Repartimiento Colonial Plantation Bartolome de Las Casas**, An account, Much Abbreviated, of the Destruction of the Indies (1552) - voiced concerns of the Spanish encomiendas Leyenda Negra (Black Legend) Colonial Economy - New Laws, 1542 – paid for labor - Repartimiento – paid for 1 year of labor every 7 years** - African Slave Trade – criminals, kidnapped by other tribes, etc. - Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade (Triangle Trade) - Olaudah Equiano – slave captured in Africa/ taught to read and write - Cabildos – civil fraternal organization (for each race) - Colfradilla – religious organizations in towns (indigenous) – responsible for following calendar
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Brazil had the most slaves/ North America had the least/ North Indies inbetween. Colonial Society** - Peninsulares - Elites - Criollos (Creoles) – born in Americas, of Spanish descent - Mestizos – Spanish/indigenous (or Castas) - Indios - Ejidos (Indian Lands)** o Congregacion - o Denuncia - o Composicion - - Miscegenation - Obrajes Colonial Church Spanish Missions in La Florida State University - Mission san lios – apalachee missions Apalachee: Land Between The Rivers - little brother of war – ball game served as war. Change what and why? And how? o Culture o Marriage Practices o Gender Norms o Increase Cultivation o Rituals, religion o Weaken Shamans o End Ball Game o Convert Leaders First o Raise Children “under the bell” o Exploit Demographic and Cultural Collapse Choctaw Ball Game , by George Catlin (1834) - little brother of war Not all about change… o Keep labor, agriculture, settlement patterns o Sabana system o Use Hierarchy o Allow some traditional village organization o Matrilineal inheritance o Bujío , or Council house
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o Ball courts until 1680s Apalachee Bujío , or Council House Rebellions Against the Spanish**
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Test 2 - Test 2 - 2nd half of ch 2, 3, 5, 7 &...

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