{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Test1 - Latin American Civilization What constitutes"Latin...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Latin American Civilization What constitutes “Latin America” Geographic Diversity o Highlands o The Andes – World’s largest continuous mountain barrier o Central America The highlands create a rugged backbone that runs through the center of most countries o Mexico o Islands o Lowlands o Caribbean o Amazon o Piedmont o Deserts/Rainforest o “Ring of fire” Patagonia, Argentina Cultural Diversity o Indian o Straight black hair, dark eyes, copper-colored skin and short stature. o Non-sedentary societies – gathering and hunting groups (northern Mexico frontier, the Argentine Pampas, and the interior of Brazil) o Semi-sedentary – hunting, slash-and-burn agriculture o Fully sedentary – settled communities based on intensive agriculture, which provided enough surplus to support a hierarchical society (central Mexico, Guatemala, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia) o Aztecs and Mayas – Mexico and central America o Carib and Arawak – Caribbean o Chibcha – Colombia o Inca – Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia o Araucanian – Chile o Guarani – Paraguay o Tupi - Brazil o European o Iberian Peninsula o African o Slave trade started in Cuba in 1512 and in Brazil in 1538 o Came from West and Central Africa o The regions economies were based on agriculture
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o Muslim traders brought cloth, salt, steel swords, glass, and luxury goods in exchange for gold, slaves, ostrich feathers, fine leathers, decorative woods, and cola nuts. o Artists – bronze castings, carved wooden sculptures, ivory carving, cast gold, feather work, and painted leather o Recent Immigrants o Hybridity o Castas o Mestizaje o Transnationalsim o Religion – Catholicism mixed with indigenous religions Population Statistics o Today, 77% Urban o 1950s: 60% rural o 15% of Earth’s Land mass o 9% of World Population o Largest Cities o Mexico City: 18 million (#2) o Sao Paulo: 17 million (#4) o Buenos Aires: 12 million (#10) o Total Population, 585 million o Central America and Mexico: 153 million o Caribbean: 42 million o South America: 391 million o Most Populous Countries o Brazil, 193 million o Mexico, 110 million o Columbia, 45 million Analytical Tools… o Abstract concepts historians use to interpret the past… o Race - What is race? The social construction of difference based on appearance - What is ethnicity? Cultural differences - Race = ethnicity? Nope - “Identity” – social classes - Colonial Period Calidad – “quality” – equivalent to race Cofradias Cabildos o Organized people o Can be put into military services
Image of page 2
o Defacto militia units Castas - National Period Race and Nation Mestizaje Class What is class? Social Hierarchy, usually determined by wealth or callidad Colonial Period o Race and Class o Occupation ( Oficio ) National Period o Elites o Military o Middle Classes o Working Classes Gender What is gender?
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern