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COM 336 In-Class Notes

COM 336 In-Class Notes - 2.15.12 Uncertainty Reduction...

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2.15.12 Uncertainty Reduction Theory Notes Relational Insurance: just as our futures are uncertain, (how do we manage those futures), we are going to want to have some type of insurance o May not be able to actually purchase insurance for our relationships; but we take measures to try to manage our uncertainty in our relationships o I.e. prenup; companies having a probationary period for a certain amount of time after hiring someone new (it is much easier to get rid of someone during that period than after; tenure Michael Sunnafrank: developed Predicted Outcome Value Theory believes that forecast reward/cost ratio is the most important; we reduce uncertainty to generate the forecast, which is the basis of relational decisions Social Exchange 1) Homan: Operant Psychology 2) Blau: Emergent Properties things that emerge out of human experience that are unlike the animal kingdom; we are not simply rats in mazes; i.e. delayed gratification: only human beings can really think about the notion of the future; we are willing to have a bad reward/cost action in the present if we believe that ration will be much improved in the future Reinforcement history: there are many times that we do things that could not have been predicted 3) Walster, Berscheid, & Walster: Equity Theory we prefer to have an equitable relationship; in the context of a relationship, we compare our R/C ratio to the other person’s R/C ratio; subjective notion; perceive that the other person’s R/C ration is equal to ours; distributive justice compares what you put in to what you get out (intrapersonally), this theory looks at it interpersonally; when we feel that our ratio is less/worse than the other person’s, we feel under benefitted; when we feel that our ration is better than the other person’s, we feel over benefitted Canary & Stafford looked at marital satisfaction; up until their own research, they found that relational maintenance behavior was what was most commonly correlated with marital satisfaction (i.e. as simple as saying I love you, cooking for the other at the end of a stressful day); also, measured equity in their research – found that while relational maintenance continued to be highly correlated with marital satisfaction, they found that equity had an even higher correlation to marital satisfaction o Husbands said their marriages were equitable primarily; wives said that they felt under-benefitted primarily; “super woman syndrome” Liking & Attraction
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Predictors of Liking & Attraction: o Proximity (situational factor): related to physical distance/closeness; Proximity often goes hand in hand with similarity There are times where those with greater proximity to each other may experience bad outcomes from it; i.e. murder by one’s family member, date rape 2.27.12 Predictors of Liking & Attraction: o Convenience Long-Distance Relationships (LDRs) Factors that could lead someone to stay in an LDR (if present)/Factors that might lead someone to leave an LDR (if absent): o
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