test 1 theories overview

test 1 theories overview - Test 1 Theories Overview...

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Test 1 Theories Overview 18:58 Preliminaries Communication Categorizing Criteria Breadth of scope – what is communication limited to; humans, animals, all beings?? Necessity of intention – is it needed for communication? Existence of Normative Judgment Successful vs. unsuccessful, communication vs. miscommunication Is there such a distinction? Necessity of symbolism – does communication need to be symbolic? Narrow Vs. Broad Views of Communication Narrow (Traditional View) Infante/Rancer/Womack  wrote a Communication Theory Textbook They argue for a definition of communication which is mainstream and narrow “Communication occurs when humans manipulate symbols to stimulate meaning in  other humans” Wide Definition Proposed by  Watzlawick, Beavin , and  Jackson Psychiatrists at an institution; developed theory for wide definition Communication is any behavior by one person that is experienced and considered  significant by another person You cannot not communicate 4 traditional types of gestures
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Emblem – type of gesture that has a dictionary meaning in our culture Illustrators – amplify what we say; don’t stand alone Regulators – behaviors that help regulate our communication Adaptors – nervous habits Scientific Theories A set of concepts with defined relationships with one another Performs 4 functions Description – fitting examples into categories Prediction – specifying future events expected to occur, used as a part of theory  evaluation Explanation – telling a story which makes the confusing understandable Potential control – understanding sufficient to bring about desired events in principle Evaluating Scientific Theory Capable of Falsification You can’t prove a theory Everything is in principle; there are always other theories (competing theories) Help decide which theory is more probable by testing them Scope – how much the theory covers Theories that are broader and explain more are typically better theories Precision – how the theory works specifically More precision   better theory Many times precision is inversely proportional with scope; more scope less precision  and less scope more precision
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Parsimony Efficiency, simplicity of theories We want a theory that meets the scope requirements in an efficient manner without lots  of extraneous ideas involved Characteristics of Scientific Theory Generalizations can be drawn, implies a model, product of one’s perspective, includes  scientific explanations Scientific Communication Theories Causal explanation Most theories assume this type of explanation; that some things cause other things Causes assume Connection between events in certain order in which force is applied
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course COMM 341 taught by Professor Johnson during the Fall '11 term at University of Delaware.

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test 1 theories overview - Test 1 Theories Overview...

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