test 3 review - slides

test 3 review - slides - Exam 3 Slides Study Guide 23:59...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Exam 3 Slides Study Guide 23:59 Ch. 11 – Personality Disorders Enduring, stable conditions Coded on Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR Categorical vs. Dimensional Views of Personality Disorders Distinction between problems of degree and problems of kind is usually described in terms of dimensions instead of categories DSM-IV-TR divides diseases into categories; doesn’t rate how affected you are, only if you meet criteria Some have proposed that DSM-IV-TR be supplemented by dimensional models Five-factor model Rates people on series of personality dimensions Extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness to experience Personality Disorder Clusters Cluster A – Odd or eccentric cluster Cluster B – Dramatic, emotional, erratic cluster Cluster C – Fearful or anxious cluster Statistics Affects .5-2.5% of population Origins and Course of Personality Disorders Thought to begin in childhood Tend to run a chronic course if untreated Comorbidity Rates are High Gender bias in diagnosis; some psychologists are more likely to diagnose men or women with specific disorders Cluster A Disorders Paranoid Personality Disorder – unjustified mistrust and suspicion Causes – biological, psychological contributions unclear; early learning that the world is dangerous place Treatment – focuses on development of trust, cognitive therapy to counter negative thinking Few seek treatment on their own; lack of good outcome studies Schizoid Personality Disorder – detachment from social relationships, limited range of emotions Causes – Etiology unclear, social isolation preference similar to autism Treatment – Focus on value of interpersonal relationships, build empathy skills Few seek treatment on their own; lack of good outcome studies Schizotypal Personality Disorder – odd behavior and dress, isolated and suspicious, magical thinking, ideas of reference and illusions, meet criteria for depression Causes – phenotype of schizophrenia?, brain deficits Treatment – Build social skills, address depression Similar to treatment for schizophrenia Poor prognosis Cluster B Disorders Antisocial Personality Disorder – lack conscience, empathy; failure to comply with social norms; lack of respect for others Cleckley Criteria 16 characteristics; formed a 20-item checklist that serves as an assessment tool High scores indicate psychopathy Relation with conduct disorder and early behavior problems Eroded family structure, criminal families Causes Neurobiological Theories Underarousal hypothesis – Cortical arousal is too low Fearlessness hypothesis – Fail to respond to danger cues Gray’s model of behavioral inhibition and activation...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/19/2012 for the course COMM 245 taught by Professor Young during the Fall '08 term at University of Delaware.

Page1 / 34

test 3 review - slides - Exam 3 Slides Study Guide 23:59...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online