exam 2 review - Exam 2 Review Self Esteem and Social...

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Exam 2 Review 20:50 Self Esteem and Social Interaction Major Question: How does face-to-face interaction affect self esteem? Eros vs. Agape Eros – need to stand out and apart from one’s cohorts Agape - need to merge with a group, community, or a purpose larger than one’s self Idea of Heroes People project ideals onto their heroes Creates a form of “unfreedom” where we idealize these people and can’t allow them to  make mistakes or be human Positive vs. Negative Face Positive face– I want respect, self-esteem Negative face – I don’t want my freedom impinged upon Social encounters are a “hallowed event” We must preserve each others’ self-esteem in interactions We entrust our “Face” to others There is a ritual aspect to communication; you risk upsetting others if you don’t observe  the ritual Civil inattention – when we pretend not to notice something about another’s person, or  behavior Facework describes our ritualized attempts to avoid losing face and experiencing  embarrassment, and to maintain for others an impression of self-respect We have different identities based on the situation We have a moral obligation to give people the benefit of the doubt Communicating Social Darkness
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Major Question: How do you balance the face that you want people to see and the  darkness that you hide from others? Face – I present a social identity and I want you to confirm it for me Shadow – opposite of face Personal Shadow – Carl Jung Embarrassing part of your personality; holds back the socially risky parts of everyone Defense mechanism; protects self-esteem We can isolate personal shadow, but it will get out Ex. Sensitivity in boys, aggressiveness in girls (not culturally acceptable) We internalize our culture’s shadow Youth-oriented culture: shadow is age  We get face-lifts and plastic surgery to fight our culture’s shadow Embracing our shadow enables us to relax We project our problems onto others Ex. Perfectionist seems to hate slacker, but is secretly jealous Things we project onto others Things we are ashamed that we did Things we are taught not to be Desires we don’t want to admit we have To have an enemy increases the solidarity and closeness that we feel with each other. We can see the dark side of our culture the most clearly through our enemies. Ex. Cold War (Soviets and U.S.)
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African Americans carry racial shadow of U.S.
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