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myth and archetype lecture

myth and archetype lecture - Myth and Archetype 16:17 Comes...

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Myth and Archetype 16:17 Comes out of depth psychology Myth – sign that remains constant over time Joseph Campbell (leading scholar) looks at the symbols that remain constant across  history and culture Idea that certain symbols that have an emotional impact on us (affect symbol) Mythology – religion, folk tales, Greek myths Any metaphors that help us navigate our lives Idea of navigating which feelings I should have and identify with Studies in mythology reveal to us the ways in which human consciousness and symbols  have remained constant across history and culture Essence of myth is an unchanging story that is told over  and over again Details of the story change across time and locality, but the basic images and emotions  remain the same through the use of  archetypes  (fundamental ideas and images that  articulate human emotions) Mythology is the organization of images metaphoric to experience, action and fulfillment  of the human spirit. Campbell contends that the recognition of mortality and the  requirement to transcend it is the first great impulse to mythology. Mythologies then can  be organized around primal human experiences.  Campbell believes that the reason that we began the endeavor of mythology is to  explain death. Archetypes – elemental ideas; they appear over and over in religion, art, legends,  folklore Campbell’s Four Functions of Myth Awaken one to the wonder of being alive and participating in the universe Myths illuminate for us a transcendent aspect to life that is beyond the temporal (coming  and passing of things) Fill every particle and quarter of the world as we know it with mystical import How can we look at everything in our world as divine? Provide some moral and social structure to one’s life Myths put is in harmony with human culture and society.
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Teach us how to live in harmony and conduct ourselves through the passages of human  life, from the stage of dependency in childhood to the responsibilities of maturity, and on  to the old age and the ultimate passage of death. The Planting Myth Among the planting people, myths arose to put people into accord with the cycles of  birth and death demonstrated by the planting, harvesting and consuming of vegetation. People understood death and birth in the imagery of the seed, buried in the ground,  growing, dying and repeating the cycle. Such myths illuminated to people the connection  between death and birth. That life must die in order for life to be born.
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