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Session 2 - English for Academic Studies(Workshop Semester...

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English for Academic Studies (Workshop) Session 2: Fragments Semester 1, 2011/12 ©PolyU HKCC 1 Session 2: Fragments (Phrases and Clauses) Part A: Diagnostic Test Identify and underline the sentence fragments (incomplete sentences) in the following passage. Then, correct the sentence errors in the space between the lines. (1) In late February, Mr. Donald Tsang, the Chief Executive of the HKSAR, introduced the Three-Child Policy. (2) In order to solve the aging problem in Hong Kong. (3) No one can deny that there are many advantages for the Three-Child Policy. (4) However, before having any babies, married couple should carefully consider various factors. (5) Such as the possible impacts on the society, their children and themselves. Part B: Grammatical Sentences Review Complete Sentence A complete sentence consists of three components: (a) a subject, (b) a main verb, and (c) a complete thought. A complete sentence can be very short as long as it has all the above components: Example: John came. Phrase A phrase is a sequence of two or more words that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence but only as a unit in one sentence. Example: A presentation with interesting points Clause A clause contains a subject and a main verb. An independent clause is a complete sentence. Example: Emily studied in the library . A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb and begins
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English for Academic Studies (Workshop) Session 2: Fragments Semester 1, 2011/12 ©PolyU HKCC 2 with subordinating conjunctions like if , before , although , etc. Example: After she had finished all her classes. SUBJECT MAIN VERB COMPLETE BY ITSELF? MAIN CLAUSE (Independent) SUBORDINATE CLAUSE (Dependent - rely on the independent clause for their meaning.) PHRASE Sentence Fragments A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence , lacking a subject, a verb, or a complete thought.
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