NEWHistory Final Study Guide

NEWHistory Final Study Guide - History Final Study Guide...

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History Final Study Guide Sam Kusek Part 1- ID’s -The Atlantic World: The continents touching the Atlantic Ocean, including the Americas, Caribbean, Africa and Europe. -Columbian Exchange: Exchange of goods between Europe, Africa and the Americas; food, diseases, farm animals, metal, guns, slaves, Christianity brought to the New World, raw agricultural crops came from Americas -John Smith: Englishman that Pocahontas allegedly saved from her father in an execution ceremony. Wrote 10 years after Pocahontas died that they had a love affair, explorer. -The Puritans: These people wanted purification of the Catholic Church, disliked hierarchy, Protestants + Calvinism (pre-destination and being among the elect) wanted to be in charge of their own faith, age and sex hierarchy, strict laws, lived in Massachusetts Bay Colony, founded in 1630 -Indentured Servitude: People in England who didn’t have a lot of money agreed to go to the New World and be a servant for someone for a certain amount of time, and they would earn their freedom and land after the time was up -Increase Mather: delivered a sermon about the witch hysteria, said that people should be more cautious about accusations -Pennsylvania: Philadelphia was the most important city in the 18 th century, heart of intellectual and economic life, exports and imports came through this port frequently, *** first half of class, Quakers, William Penn, diverse compared to other colonies and religious tolerance -French fur trade: trading that the French set up with the Native Americans, furs in high demand in Europe, gave Indians manufactured goods -Daughters of Liberty: wealthier white women who had time for this made homespun cloth instead of buying from England, Abigail Adams, wife of John Adams and cared about women’s rights was a daughter of liberty -Boston Massacre: 1768 King sent 3000 more troops to Boston, in 1770, eight soldiers were being taunted by colonists, they fired shots into the crowd, and the soldiers were tried and found innocent of murder but convicted of manslaughter, thumbs branded -The American Enlightenment: The Age in the 1700’s where people began trying to figure out underlying laws and scientific order, believed in progress and that science could improve society, and they believed God created and then stepped back and let these forces rule the earth (deism) -18 th Century Population Growth: between 1700 and 1800, the population of the 13 colonies grew eight times; women were having 7-8 children -Thomas Paine: born in England, wrote Common Sense, argued against monarchies, said that not all people are born to lead and that can cause ‘an ass for a lion,’ referring to King George, many people read his work, considered a father of the revolution -Constitutional Convention: in 1787, 55 men (lawyers, old men, Ben Franklin, George Washington, etc) from the states gathered in Philadelphia to write the Constitution, debated a lot and had many differing opinions, had to compromise frequently, instituted electoral college, checks and balances, 3/5 compromise; by 1790 all states agreed
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NEWHistory Final Study Guide - History Final Study Guide...

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