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GroupCommunicationTheory - Theories Related to Small Group...

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Unformatted text preview: Theories Related to Small Group Communication Theories Decision Making: Rational Models Decision *Dewey’s Reflective Thinking (not in text) should follow these 6 steps to make good decisions decisions *1. Identify nature of problem *2. Identify criteria that a solution to this problem must meet *3. Identify available alternatives/answers 3. *4. Identify best solution *5. Implement the solution *6. Evaluate the solution This theory is more a prescriptive theory; prescribes what you should do The order matters greatly to be very rational about a decision Not all decisions are rational *Where is communication? : In all of these steps. Where Decision Making: Limited-Rationality Models Limited-Rationality Not assuming that people are rational. What we do instead is satisficing *Satisficing: *Rather than finding the optimal solution, we accept the first one that is “good enough” *Consider what minimum requirements might be for acceptable solution *Consider alternatives *Test against criteria (set better criteria) *First one that meets all criteria is your choice *Where is communication? In considering minimum requirements Where Decision Making: Nonrational Models Nonrational *Garbage Can Model: 4 key parts (POPS) *Problems *Opportunities for a choice *Participants *Solutions *Parts sift around as in garbage can *Chance “timing” is important *Different combinations result *Where is communication? Throughout all but no sequence, out of order Functional Group Decision Making Theory: (vigilant interaction theory) Functional *Attempts to identify things that must happen in a group in order to make an effective decision *Relies on the group’s successful completion of four requisite functions Relies requisite *1. Problem analysis *2. Goal setting (includes setting criteria) 2. *3. Identify alternatives *4. Evaluate and select Functional Group Decision Making Theory: *Communication’s role: *Promotive communication meets functions: (promotes the 4 functions) *Analysis of problem situation, discuss criteria, consider positive /negative attributes of specific solutions, etc. /negative *Counteractive communication to overcome disruptive communication (trashing on others,…stop us from fulfilling 4 functions) *Studies generally support aspects of functional theory…Meta-analysis says: *Assessing negative consequences matters most, as does determining what is required of the group required *Generation of alternative is seen as least important Symbolic Convergence Theory *Inspired by group interaction cases in which a group “takes off” on a particular topic *Interested in the ways in which this phenomenon (taking off) influences group identity and group process group *Commonly called “fantasy theme analysis” Symbolic Convergence Theory *Central Concepts *1. Dramatizing message *2. Fantasy theme 2. *3. Fantasy chain *4. Group fantasy *5. Rhetorical vision Saying a lot of groups go through this; if you look at what’s happening in the group, fantasy messages that often times are connected to a broader rhetorical vision Symbolic Convergence: Symbolic *When will symbolic convergence happen? *Influence of group needs and concerns *Rhetorical skills of group members *What are the results of symbolic convergence? *Enhancing group identity and community *Aiding in group decision-making (not goal of the theory but it is a side effect. It creates tighter community) creates This wont be on the exam Two Emerging Group Perspectives *Bona fide group perspective *Reaction against zero history lab experiments *Permeable and fluid boundaries, shifting borders and interdependence with context context *Greater focus on groups embedded in larger organizations, communities, etc. *Naturalistic paradigm (naturalistic group) *Reaction to zero history lab studies AND against the heavy decision focus in most theories most *Advocates study of groups in natural environment *Very consistent with the interpretive paradigm ...
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