04 India and China

04 India and China - India and China Creativity Continues...

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Unformatted text preview: India and China Creativity Continues to Flow Creativity Continues to Flow India & China INDIA CHINA Indus River Valley Civilization Dravidian society About 2500 BC Aryans (1750 BC) Indo-Aryan Migration Into India, c. 1750 BC Plateau of Iran Bay of Bengal Deccan Plateau Arabian Sea H i m a l a y a s Vindhya Mts. H i n d u K u s h INDIAN OCEAN • Invasion by Indo- European tribes (Aryans) • War-like • Changed from urban to village society • Preservation of culture? Aryan Contribution Writing Sanskrit (Aryan language) • Ruler called raja (compare to rey or rex in other Indo- European . languages) • Vedas (holy books) • Epic poems Mahabharata (contains Bhagavad-Gita ) Aryans Development of caste system “Caste” = “color” 4 main castes: 1. Brahmans (priests) 2. Aristocrats and warriors 3. Peasants and craftsmen 4. Untouchables, outcasts Reincarnation kept all in their place Incorporated into Hinduism Aryan Aryan Drav. Drav. Hinduism • Its origin is in the Aryan faith and, therefore, it claims to be the oldest major religion . – Aryans had similar religion before their invasion in 1750 BC – Moses lived about 1300 BC • Third largest religion – 96% of Hindus live in India • An umbrella term for many religions that are related in beliefs and origin – “Truth is one, although the sages (gurus) know it as many.” Hinduism Essentially, any kind of spiritual practice followed with faith, love and persistence will lead to the same ultimate state of self- realization. Thus, Hindu thought distinguishes itself by strongly encouraging tolerance for different beliefs since temporal systems cannot claim sole understanding of the one transcendental Truth. ― Theology Professor (website) Hinduism Four essential basic beliefs for any Hindu. 1. Karma • The totality of actions in this and future lives. 2. R eincarnation • L iving again in another body. Life’s goal is to gain enlightenment and overcome reincarnation....
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course MFG 201 taught by Professor Terry,r during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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04 India and China - India and China Creativity Continues...

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