08a Aristotle Philosophy 12411

08a Aristotle Philosophy 12411 - Classical Greek Philosophy...

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Classical Greek  Philosophy Aristotle
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Aristotle Perhaps the most  complete thinker  the world has ever  known
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Aristotle He defined  (originated or refined)   many fields including:  logic  metaphysics (what is real)  scientific classification  scientific method  scientific results in various  fields  literary criticism  rhetoric  ethics  politics
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Aristotle Developed rules of logic  Syllogism  Inductive   Deductive 
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Aristotle Syllogism All trees need light 
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Aristotle Syllogism All trees need light  An oak is a tree
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Aristotle Syllogism All trees need light  An oak is a tree Therefore, oaks need light
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Aristotle Inductive This dog needs lungs;
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Aristotle Inductive This dog needs lungs; that dog needs lungs;  
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Aristotle Inductive This dog needs lungs; that dog needs lungs;  every dog I have seen  needs lungs;
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Aristotle Inductive This dog needs lungs; that dog needs lungs;  every dog I have seen  needs lungs; Therefore, all dogs need lungs
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Aristotle Deductive   All dogs have lungs,
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Aristotle Deductive   All dogs have lungs, therefore , this dog has lungs Aristotle favored  deductive reasoning
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Aristotle Metaphysics What is the Form (or  end) of humans? “All human beings by  nature desire to know.” What is the LDS view of  the Form (or end) of  humans? “Man is that he might  have joy [progress].”
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Aristotle Metaphysics Forms All things consist of Form and matter Application to creativity Form = vision  Matter = effort  Vision without effort is daydreaming,  effort without vision is drudgery;  but vision, coupled with effort,  will obtain the prize.  —President Thomas S. Monson
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course MFG 201 taught by Professor Terry,r during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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08a Aristotle Philosophy 12411 - Classical Greek Philosophy...

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