09 Hellenism 2211

09 Hellenism 2211 - Hellenism and Alexander the Great...

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Hellenism and Alexander  the Great
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Hellenism Greece declined after the  Peloponnesian War. Greece was conquered by  Phillip of Macedonia. Phillip used his son,  Alexander,  as a general and  as an ambassador.
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Phillip’s Innovations in war
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Alexander the Great Personal Desire for Greatness As a boy, Alexander said: My father will get ahead of  me in everything, and will  leave nothing great for me to  do .
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Alexander Had a vision for the “Greek”  world and his own glory. Created a new empire that is  called the Hellenistic World.
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The Hellenistic World Fourth Century B.C.  (after Alexander) 6
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Alexander Made King at  Pella Some territories revolted  along the  Danube. Advisors told him to just give  up these territories. He marched to the  Danube   and stopped the revolt. While securing the kingdom  north to the  Danube,   Thebes   rebelled. He destroyed  Thebes  except  the temples and the house of  the poet Pindar. The 30,000 survivors were  sold into slavery. He never had a rebellion in  Greece again. Danube
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Alexander Inspired Confidence The “Perfect Greek“  Handsome  Well educated  (by  Aristotle)  Respectful of Greek  past  (memorized the  Illiad  and carried it with him)
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Alexander Inspired Confidence The “Perfect Greek“ Adept in rhetoric and  diplomacy  (ambassador)  Athletic  (competing  throughout his life)  Scientist  (strong interest  in plants, animals,  geography, and even took  scientists on his campaigns) 
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Alexander Inspired Confidence The “Perfect General” Never lost a battle Personally fought in battles  (wounded several times) After a battle mingled with the survivors Alexander Personally Covers Darius
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Alexander Inspired Confidence Honored the dead Strongly religious burials Exempted their families from further military       duty and from taxes Broke up regional regiments to have loyalty  directly to him
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Alexander Inspired Confidence The “Perfect Conqueror” Spared families of  conquered kings This won the cooperation of the  families. Treated conquered  soldiers with respect This convinced some conquered  soldiers to switch sides and support  him.
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Alexander Inspired Confidence The “Perfect Conqueror” Respected local religions  and customs Desert soothsayer Rebuilt Karnak and Luxor  temples Alexander in Egypt
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Alexander Inspired Confidence The “Perfect Strategy” Realized that the Persian  navy could land troops  behind him Followed a coastal route that  allowed him to control all  ports behind him When in battles, waited for  the perfect moment to  commit his elite troops Alexander’s Initial Path
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course MFG 201 taught by Professor Terry,r during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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09 Hellenism 2211 - Hellenism and Alexander the Great...

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