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14 Early Christianity 021811

14 Early Christianity 021811 - Early Christianity...

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Early  Christianity: Creatively  Coping with  Change
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Transitions in Early Christianity 1.  Geography  Success came mostly  outside Palestine. Jerusalem ceased to be  the central church  (70 AD) . 2.  Sociology From a mostly rural  to a mostly urban  movement.
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Transitions in Early Christianity 3.  Language From Aramaic to  Greek. 4.  Culture From Jewish to  Greco-Roman.
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Difficulties in the Early Church Persecution from the Jews No reference text on which  to base Christian teaching New Testament assembled in 5th  Century Gospels written in AD 80–90 Disagreements among the  leaders
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Gentile and Jewish Christians
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1st Century AD Chi-rho   fish  anchor Paul’s work changed it  from a Jewish-Christian  church to a gentile church. Problems over common meals  forced the change from a Jewish- oriented church. Diverse beliefs proliferated   due to different cultures  and lack of an “official”  theology.
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1st Century AD Modern Christianity is  widely diverse . . . but  this diversity is mild in  comparison with  Christianity during the  first three centuries. —Bart Erhman, Lost Christianities  (The Teaching Co. 2002), 3.
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1st Century AD Diversity appears to have  existed from the beginning  Christian sects divided on  fundamental issues: covenant,  salvation, the Godhead, etc. No single theology seemed to  dominate.
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Examples of Christian Diversity BELIEF         Extreme           Moderate           Mild Divine  Sonship Rites Nature of  Christ Number  of Gods Saving   Power Scripture Literal Son Divine Three  (or  even more) Atonement Jewish and  Christian Adopted Son Figurative Son Hybrid (Diophysite) Human Two One Secret  Knowledge Only New  Testament Christian only Old and New  Testament None  necessary Moral  Teachings Only Gospels  (and Paul)
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Progression of Authority Jesus chose 12 apostles. Apostolic church had  elders and deacons. Post-apostolic church  added bishops and priests.
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1st Century AD How did the  Jewish   persecution affect the  Christians? How did the  Roman  persecution affect the  Christians? Discussion
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2nd Century AD Period of no record  (100-150) Probably when the apostasy  occurred Loss of righteousness Evidences of apostasy  Principally from historical  records  Eusebius = Bishop of Caesarea in  the 4th century and author of  History of the Church
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Apostasy—Keys Loss of leadership and    priesthood Unauthorized elections of  officers Lack of apostolic overview
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Apostasy—Keys When James the Righteous  had suffered martyrdom like the  Lord and for the same reason,  Symeon the son of his uncle  Clopas was appointed bishop.  He 
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