18 Nation crusades and mongols 031111

18 Nation crusades and mongols 031111 - Crusades Nations...

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Crusades Nations Mongols Creativity  Rekindled 
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Transition AD   476 Renaissance Dark Ages Middle Ages
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Why did the changes occur? AD   476 Renaissance External elements  (like weather  and social stability)  brought  more food More food brought population  increase  Population increase brought  diversity Diversity brought creativity Creativity brought progress Progress required more  creativity 
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AD 1000 Ancient  History AD   476 Renaissance AD  1450 Climate changes Note: Colors are data by different researchers
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Changes Ancient  History AD   476 Renaissance AD  1450 Agriculture innovations  (some borrowed) Curved metal plow Horse instead of ox Horse collar Three field system Old New
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Changes Ancient  History AD   476 Renaissance AD  1450
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Changes Ancient  History AD   476 Renaissance AD  1450 More food meant increased  population  Rise of towns  Specialized labor—artisans Guilds Control of trade  (Hanseatic  League)  Technology and science  (agriculture and industry) Water wheels Windmills
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Changes AD   476 Renaissance Quantifications of life Dark ages had no precise time or distance  measurements  (canonical hours, foot) Triangulation  (needed for land ownership) Standardized money  (needed for trade) Statistics  (for manufacturing)              Trial of the pyx (box with minted coins) Number system  (needed for business) Fibonacci, Arabic/Indian number system Beginning of modern accounting systems Interest calculations Conversions of weights and measures 1 2 3  4 5 6  
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Ancient  History Renaissance AD  1450 Emergence of Nations:  Conflicts between church and state France Germany England vs
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Ancient  History Renaissance AD  1450 France: State Capetian dynasty Hugh Capet became king  (about 1000 AD) Ile de France Hugh Capet’s territory Beginning of the   French nation Previously it was part of  the Carolingian realm  and was linked to  Germany and Italy
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Ancient  History Renaissance AD  1450 France in 1300 Capetian Dynasty: Stable  succession for 300 years Always a father to son  transfer Dynastic strength Stable in church relations France was the most  “Catholic” nation France was divided but  gradually consolidating
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Renaissance AD  1450 Germany in 1000 Otto the Great United lords in  Germany and Italy Crowned as 2nd Holy  Roman Emperor Assumed the  traditional role of  approving the election  of a pope Control of Italy  brought conflicts (over  many generations)  with popes over the  Papal States and the 
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AD  1450 Germany Church vs. State clash (1084-1105)  Henry IV Pope Gregory VII
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AD  1450 Germany Young man recently elected Holy  Roman Emperor Wanted to demonstrate his  power to control the church  within the Holy Roman Empire Asserted his emperor’s right of  naming Bishops within the  empire
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18 Nation crusades and mongols 031111 - Crusades Nations...

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