21 Middle ages arts and Literature 032411

21 Middle ages arts and Literature 032411 - Medieval Arts...

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Unformatted text preview: Medieval Arts and Literature Middle Ages Arts and Literature AD 476 AD 1450 Music Gregorian Chant (Plainchant) • Established by Pope Gregory I • Method of enhancing worship • Monophonic (single, unaccompanied melody line) • Sung in unison • Highly conjunct (close transitions) • One note per syllable • Subjects: Psalms or other scriptures Accompany the mass Ordinary (fixed) Kyrie (Opening prayer) Gloria (Hymn of praise) Credo (Nicene Creed) Sanctus (Praise for God) Agnus Dei (Forgiveness) Ite missa est (Dismissal) AD 476 AD 1450 Mass Presentation Order Proper (changed daily) Introit (Entrance) Collect (Short joint prayer) Epistle (Reading) Gradual (Responsive chant) Alleluia (Praise chant) Evangelium (Reading) Sermon (Anglican) Offertory (Bread and wine) Secret (Soft prayer) Preface (Beginning prayer) Canon (Long prayer) Communion (Chant) Post-Communion (Prayer) • Melisma (about 800 AD) – More than one note per syllable • Organum (about 1000 AD) – Same text (chants) – Cantus firmus (tenor) is same melody – Polyphonic (multiple melody lines) – Flourished at Notre Dame • Motet (about 1200 AD) – Non-religious – Addition of words to music – 2 or more melodies with their own texts (derivatives of chants) • Ars Nova (about 1300 AD) – Complexity in rhythm with each part having a melody and rhythm Beyond Plainchant AD 1450 Music Notation Guido d'Arezzo • 10th Century • Squares on a 4-line staff • Treble and bass clef • Music terminology Crescendo, forte, etc. • Notes a to g • Solimation (do, re, mi, etc.) Ut, re, mi, fa, so, la Taken from a hymn to John the Baptist AD 1450 Troubadour Poetry • Trobar: “to sing poetry” • First strongly non-religious music Sung mostly at court • Itinerant singers • Early guitar AD 1450 Art in the Late Middle Ages Characteristics • 2-dimensional • Depicted God’s power and authority • Other figures have symbolic meanings AD 1450 Art in the Late Middle Ages Decorated manuscripts Illuminated manuscripts AD 1450 Art in the Late Middle Ages Giotto (1267-1337) • Lamentation • Beginning of Realism • Emotion • Perspecti ve • Backgrou nd • Geometry (hill) AD 1450 Literature in the Late Middle Ages Arthurian legend King Arthur (foundation story) • Victory of Britons over Germanic invasion in AD 496 by Ambrosius (man of temperance) (Arthur?) • Died in AD 542 • Writings: Geoffrey of Monmouth (1135) Crétien de Troyes (1135-1183) Mallory (1469) AD 1450 Literature in the Late Middle Ages Lohengrin, Tristan and Isolde Song of Roland (foundation story for France) Die Nibelungenlied (foundation story for Germany) Siegfried Brunhilde Other Knight Epics AD...
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course MFG 201 taught by Professor Terry,r during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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21 Middle ages arts and Literature 032411 - Medieval Arts...

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