21 Middle ages arts and Literature 032411

21 Middle ages arts and Literature 032411 - Medieval Arts...

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Unformatted text preview: Medieval Arts and Literature Middle Ages Arts and Literature AD 476 AD 1450 Music Gregorian Chant (Plainchant) Established by Pope Gregory I Method of enhancing worship Monophonic (single, unaccompanied melody line) Sung in unison Highly conjunct (close transitions) One note per syllable Subjects: Psalms or other scriptures Accompany the mass Ordinary (fixed) Kyrie (Opening prayer) Gloria (Hymn of praise) Credo (Nicene Creed) Sanctus (Praise for God) Agnus Dei (Forgiveness) Ite missa est (Dismissal) AD 476 AD 1450 Mass Presentation Order Proper (changed daily) Introit (Entrance) Collect (Short joint prayer) Epistle (Reading) Gradual (Responsive chant) Alleluia (Praise chant) Evangelium (Reading) Sermon (Anglican) Offertory (Bread and wine) Secret (Soft prayer) Preface (Beginning prayer) Canon (Long prayer) Communion (Chant) Post-Communion (Prayer) Melisma (about 800 AD) More than one note per syllable Organum (about 1000 AD) Same text (chants) Cantus firmus (tenor) is same melody Polyphonic (multiple melody lines) Flourished at Notre Dame Motet (about 1200 AD) Non-religious Addition of words to music 2 or more melodies with their own texts (derivatives of chants) Ars Nova (about 1300 AD) Complexity in rhythm with each part having a melody and rhythm Beyond Plainchant AD 1450 Music Notation Guido d'Arezzo 10th Century Squares on a 4-line staff Treble and bass clef Music terminology Crescendo, forte, etc. Notes a to g Solimation (do, re, mi, etc.) Ut, re, mi, fa, so, la Taken from a hymn to John the Baptist AD 1450 Troubadour Poetry Trobar: to sing poetry First strongly non-religious music Sung mostly at court Itinerant singers Early guitar AD 1450 Art in the Late Middle Ages Characteristics 2-dimensional Depicted Gods power and authority Other figures have symbolic meanings AD 1450 Art in the Late Middle Ages Decorated manuscripts Illuminated manuscripts AD 1450 Art in the Late Middle Ages Giotto (1267-1337) Lamentation Beginning of Realism Emotion Perspecti ve Backgrou nd Geometry (hill) AD 1450 Literature in the Late Middle Ages Arthurian legend King Arthur (foundation story) Victory of Britons over Germanic invasion in AD 496 by Ambrosius (man of temperance) (Arthur?) Died in AD 542 Writings: Geoffrey of Monmouth (1135) Crtien de Troyes (1135-1183) Mallory (1469) AD 1450 Literature in the Late Middle Ages Lohengrin, Tristan and Isolde Song of Roland (foundation story for France) Die Nibelungenlied (foundation story for Germany) Siegfried Brunhilde Other Knight Epics AD...
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21 Middle ages arts and Literature 032411 - Medieval Arts...

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