22 End of the middle ages 032811

22 End of the middle ages 032811 - The End of the Middle...

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14th Century The  End  of the  Middle Ages
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AD   476 AD  1450 14th Century The “worst” century in  history  Plague  War  Taxes  Bad government  Insurrection  Schism in the church Led to innovations and  cultural changes
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AD   476 AD  1450 Estates (classes of society) 1st Estate = The Roman Catholic  Church Purpose = Do good deeds 2nd Estate = The Nobility  (both local and “national”) Purpose = Govern/Fig ht 3rd Estate = The Commoners  (all others) Purpose = Work
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AD  1450 Changing Nature of the  Catholic Church—1st Estate The church is not susceptible of  being reformed in her doctrines. . .  The church is the work of God and,  like all of God's works, it is  perfect . . . . The church is  independent of any earthly power,  not merely in regard to her lawful  end and purpose, but also in regard  to whatever means she may deem  suitable and necessary to attain  them. –Stated by a 14th Century pope
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AD   476 AD  1450 The Babylonian Captivity Philip IV, the Fair  (France)  Wanted to tax the clergy Pope Boniface VIII Originally not elected but he forced  the hermit pope to resign and was  then elected Resisted Philip and issued the Bull  Unan Sanctum Philip’s army invaded and captured  the pope who died shortly  thereafter
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AD  1450 Catholic Supremacy Over Nations That there is one Holy Catholic and  Apostolic Church we are impelled by  our faith to believe and to hold— this  we do firmly believe and openly  confess—and outside of this there is  neither salvation or remission of sins .  . . We moreover, proclaim, declare,  and pronounce that it is altogether  necessary to salvation for every  human being to be subject to the  Roman Pontiff. The Bull  Unam Sanctum  of Boniface VIII
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AD  1450 The Babylonian Captivity Philip forced the election of  Clement V  (a Frenchman)  as Pope The king was more powerful  than the pope at this historical  time. Avignon Church headquarters  moved to Avignon, France  7 popes  Corruption (money) City of Rome fell into ruin
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1450 The Great Schism Catherine of Siena Received revelations while in a  state of ecstasy. She frightened Gregory XI (an 
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22 End of the middle ages 032811 - The End of the Middle...

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