04 The Reformation

04 The Reformation - The Reformation Reformation Defined...

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The Reformation
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Reformation Defined • Emphasis on Humanism • Recognition that the Catholic church needed change • Period of change in religious thinking • Protestant separation –Creation of non-Catholic Christian churches
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Catholic Church in 15 th C • End of the middle ages – Babylonian captivity/Great Schism – Return to Rome (re-build it) – Schemes to collect money • Payments for ordinances • Alms for the dead • Begging friars • Tithe on land • Bequeathing of property – Corruption • 12-year old bishops •Mo ra l
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Catholic Church in 15 th C • Wycliffe—England – 12 conclusions (reforms) –Trans lated B ib le
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Martin Luther •Persona l commitment •Pro fessor o f theology • Conflict with
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Martin Luther • Debates with Eck • Suppression by the Pope • Refusal to submit – Excommunication •D ie
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“Unless I am proved wrong by scripture or by evident reason, then I am a prisoner in conscience to the word of God. I cannot retract and I will not retract. To go against the conscience is neither safe nor right. God help me. Amen.” Martin Luther
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Martin Luther • Published tracts • Bible— German • Lutheran Church established
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"Luther translated the New Testament into German, choosing the dialect most likely to reach the greatest number. The gospels, if read by everybody, would prove him right. Hence the name of Evangelicals. It preceded and long prevailed over the accidental name of Protestants, which arose when some delegates protested against a tentative agreement with the Catholic partisans." from Barzun, Jacques, From Dawn to Decadence , Perennial, 2000, p.10.
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In response to his wife’s reproach for being too rude about the Catholic Church, Luther said, “A twig can be cut with a bread knife, but an oak calls for an axe.” —Luther
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"A difficult case in point was put to him [Luther] by his strong ally among the princes, Philip of Hesse, who, already married, wanted to marry a second wife. The first one was uncongenial and he was devoutly opposed to keeping a mistress. Luther of course wanted to save a good Evangelical from transgressing, and he found among the patriarchs of the Old Testament full justification for bigamy. He gave Philip citations and a caution: 'Go ahead, but keep it quiet.' It could not be kept quiet. Protestants denounced the crime; Catholics gained a fine argument." from Barzun, Jacques, From Dawn to Decadence , Perennial, 2000, p.17.
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• Religious Implications –Pope d id not speak for God – Church and priesthood not
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04 The Reformation - The Reformation Reformation Defined...

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