04 The Reformation

04 The Reformation - TheReformation ReformationDefined...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Reformation
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Reformation Defined Emphasis on Humanism Recognition that the Catholic church  needed change Period of change in religious thinking Protestant separation Creation of non-Catholic Christian churches
Background image of page 2
Catholic Church in 15 th  C End of the middle ages Babylonian captivity/Great Schism Return to Rome (re-build it)  Schemes to collect money • Payments for ordinances • Alms for the dead Begging friars Tithe on land Bequeathing of property Corruption • 12-year old bishops • Moral decay Illiterate priests (no teachers) Money to monks (politicians)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Catholic Church in 15 th  C Wycliffe—England 12 conclusions  (reforms) Translated Bible into  English (later version  by Tindale) Jan Hus—Bohemia
Background image of page 4
Martin Luther Personal commitment Professor of theology  Conflict with personal  sinfulness Indulgences Posted 95 theses  (1517) 
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Martin Luther Debates with Eck Suppression by the Pope Refusal to submit Excommunication Diet of Worms Charles V 
Background image of page 6
“Unless I am proved wrong by scripture or  by evident reason, then I am a prisoner in  conscience to the word of God.  I cannot  retract and I will not retract.  To go against  the conscience is neither safe nor right.   God help me.  Amen.” Martin Luther
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Martin Luther Published tracts Bible—German Lutheran  Church  established
Background image of page 8
"Luther translated the New Testament into  German, choosing the dialect most likely to  reach the greatest number.  The gospels, if read  by everybody, would prove him right.  Hence the  name of Evangelicals.  It preceded and long  prevailed over the accidental name of  Protestants, which arose when some delegates  protested against a tentative agreement with the  Catholic partisans."  –  from Barzun, Jacques,  From Dawn to Decadence , Perennial, 2000, p.10.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
In response to his wife’s reproach for  being too rude about the Catholic Church,  Luther said, “A twig can be cut with a  bread knife, but an oak calls for an axe.” — Luther
Background image of page 10
"A difficult case in point was put to him [Luther]  by his strong ally among the princes, Philip of  Hesse, who, already married, wanted to marry a  second wife.  The first one was uncongenial and  he was devoutly opposed to keeping a mistress.   Luther of course wanted to save a good  Evangelical from transgressing, and he found  among the patriarchs of the Old Testament full  justification for bigamy.  He gave Philip citations  and a caution: 'Go ahead, but keep it quiet.'  It  could not be kept quiet.  Protestants denounced  the crime; Catholics gained a fine argument."  –  from Barzun, Jacques,  From Dawn to Decadence , Perennial, 2000, p.17.
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 30

04 The Reformation - TheReformation ReformationDefined...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online