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04 The Reformation

04 The Reformation - TheReformation ReformationDefined...

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The Reformation
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Reformation Defined Emphasis on Humanism Recognition that the Catholic church  needed change Period of change in religious thinking Protestant separation Creation of non-Catholic Christian churches
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Catholic Church in 15 th  C End of the middle ages Babylonian captivity/Great Schism Return to Rome (re-build it)  Schemes to collect money Payments for ordinances Alms for the dead Begging friars Tithe on land Bequeathing of property Corruption 12-year old bishops Moral decay Illiterate priests (no teachers) Money to monks (politicians)
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Catholic Church in 15 th  C Wycliffe—England 12 conclusions  (reforms) Translated Bible into  English (later version  by Tindale) Jan Hus—Bohemia
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Martin Luther Personal commitment Professor of theology  Conflict with personal  sinfulness Indulgences Posted 95 theses  (1517) 
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Martin Luther Debates with Eck Suppression by the Pope Refusal to submit Excommunication Diet of Worms Charles V 
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“Unless I am proved wrong by scripture or  by evident reason, then I am a prisoner in  conscience to the word of God.  I cannot  retract and I will not retract.  To go against  the conscience is neither safe nor right.   God help me.  Amen.” Martin Luther
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Martin Luther Published tracts Bible—German Lutheran  Church  established
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"Luther translated the New Testament into  German, choosing the dialect most likely to  reach the greatest number.  The gospels, if read  by everybody, would prove him right.  Hence the  name of Evangelicals.  It preceded and long  prevailed over the accidental name of  Protestants, which arose when some delegates  protested against a tentative agreement with the  Catholic partisans."  –  from Barzun, Jacques,  From Dawn to Decadence , Perennial, 2000,  p.10.
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In response to his wife’s reproach for  being too rude about the Catholic Church,  Luther said, “A twig can be cut with a  bread knife, but an oak calls for an axe.” — Luther
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"A difficult case in point was put to him [Luther]  by his strong ally among the princes, Philip of  Hesse, who, already married, wanted to marry a  second wife.  The first one was uncongenial and  he was devoutly opposed to keeping a mistress.   Luther of course wanted to save a good  Evangelical from transgressing, and he found  among the patriarchs of the Old Testament full  justification for bigamy.  He gave Philip citations  and a caution: 'Go ahead, but keep it quiet.'  It  could not be kept quiet.  Protestants denounced  the crime; Catholics gained a fine argument."  –  from Barzun, Jacques,  From Dawn to Decadence , Perennial, 2000,  p.17.
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