18 Industrial Revolution

18 Industrial Revolution - Industrial Revolution Effects of...

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Unformatted text preview: Industrial Revolution Effects of the Industrial Revolution What was the industrial revolution? Machines coordinated to make goods Energy from non-animal sources Industry grew 4 times faster Changed all aspects of society Most profound effect since agriculture Government change Political and military balance Europe as dominant power Transformed social classes Higher standard of living for most Effects of the Industrial Revolution Effects of the Industrial Revolution Origins Agricultural revolution Horse and steel plow Fertilizer use Yields improved 300% 1700-1850 Growth of foreign trade for manufactured goods Foreign colonies Increase in ships and size Successful wars and foreign conquest Origins Why England? Factors in England No civil strife Government favored trade Laissez faire Large middle class Island geography Mobile population Everyone lived within 20 miles of navigable river Tradition of experimental science Weak guilds "What were the factors that already marked Britain, rather than any other European country, as the destined first home of the industrial revolution? The answer lies partly in things remote from technology, such as the religious freedom which brought in the Huguenots and other refugees with their numerous arts and encouraged the native Puritan capitalist. There was the confident attitude natural to an island people that had ceased...to reckon seriously with the prospect of invasion. The island possessed a valuable stimulus to trade in its long coastline and frequent navigable rivers...Moreover, the Act of Union in 1707 had made Britain into a single economic unit long before any other area of comparable wealth and resources had ceased to be divided by numerous customs barriers. But even with the addition of the...
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2012 for the course MFG 202 taught by Professor Davis,d during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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18 Industrial Revolution - Industrial Revolution Effects of...

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