Essay - Lane 1 Marc Eric Lane History 327 The Economic...

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Lane 1 Marc Eric Lane 11/15/11 History 327 The Economic Precondition One of the main differences between a capitalist world and a communist world is the emphasis placed on productivity. In a Communist country, where the working classes are dominant, the emphasis will be placed on the activity of production itself, while, from an ideological perspective, it ignores the essence of the product itself. Variety becomes subjugated to equality, form becomes subjugated to function. Communism rapidly fell behind the Capitalist world not only because its ideology was not equipped for economic growth and because the countries of the Warsaw pact did not have the economic and industrial advancement of the countries of the Western Bloc. Communism ideology entails that a certain level of industrialization is required in order to provide for the needs of the entire population. Croatian journalist Slavenka Drakulić talks about how the effects of the fallacies affected everyday life in her country, at the time part of Yugoslavia, and how they affected her view of the communist party. Drakulić, the daughter of a Communist partisan soldier and a journalist during the time of communism, was allocated a great deal of freedom when it came to traveling to the Western world, and she was able to draw her own conclusions about politics, economics and class. Her life experiences are practical examples of where the communist regimes of Eastern Europe came short. Moreover, as one of the leading experts of Eastern European feminism, she is able to give more insight into the life and experiences of women in these countries, a stratum of society which is not usually discussed by modern day critics of the society.
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Lane 2 One of the main points which Drakulić argues recurrently in her book is the inability of the Communist Government to provide for the basic needs of its citizens. Unlike the capitalist market economies, which constantly shifted and changed according to the shifting changes in the needs of its citizens. Capitalism, by placing its emphasis on profits, allowed for a much greater variety of goods, whereas Communism, allowed for much fewer goods to be readily available to the general public, however the goods which were on sale were more economically accessible. The problem with the Communism of the Soviets was its inability to keep up with the shifting needs of the population, or, worse, those basic, primary, needs which were simply overlooked in the immensity of the economic planning. Shortages became frequent as the state failed to follow the economic trends and as such “fell behind”, not in the way that Stalin predicted, for the Soviet Union remained one of the industrial superpowers of the world, but rather in that step that bridged production to distribution. As such, the population of these countries began to hoard more and more products causing more severe shortages. However, the hoarding did not occurs, as Drakulić points out, because of poverty; the people of
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course HIST 327 taught by Professor Melissafeinberg during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Essay - Lane 1 Marc Eric Lane History 327 The Economic...

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