Gov_20_Short_ID_Terms1-2 - Government 20: Final Exam...

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Government 20: Final Exam Preparation The IDs for the final exam will be drawn from among the following: State – monopoly over use of force Government- people who contest office and hold office Regime - Neoclassical economics – invisible hand, Adam Smith, economic system will work itself out for the best Structuralism – Skocpol pits class vs. class, state vs. state, class vs. state KEY*, method of analyzing phenomena chiefly characterized by contrasting elemental structures of the phenomena in a system of binary opposition. Revolutions are not made, they come . Larger structural system that is beyond an agent to effect. Analyzes objective relationship and conflicts around varying situated groups rather than the interests, outlooks, and ideologies of particular actors in revolutions. Voluntarism – relies heavily on individuals, idea that individuals have the will and the ability to influence events, George Washington in American Revolution, Mandela in South Africa, Milosevic, Lenin, Nehru, Gandhi Modernization theory – there is only one path to economic development, the western path, democracy, stability are all results from economic development, urbanizes, industrializes, better ecucation, secularizes, Criticism: Gershenkron claims that context matters (refining modernization theory) Core – dependency theory, core is the west at the center of international economy, periphery is taken advantage of by the core so it is difficult for them to modernize: Core, semi-periphery (NICs), Periphery Periphery Relative backwardness – backward countries can borrow technologies, but will not necessarily industrialize the same way, 2. Greater the stress will be on large scale plant or factories, International Demonstration Effect 3. Producer goods are stressed more than consumer goods 4. Levels of consumption will increase less rapidly 5. Greater role for institutions designed to promote growth, developmental state 6 greater degree of backwardness, less agricultural sector will contribute to development International demonstration effect – Media, you must know about something before you can get mad about something, citizens of poor countries see the prosperous ways of living of richer countries 1
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Liberalism – respecting the individual, an individual has rights, freedom of association, freedom of speech, freedom of belief or worship Newly Industrialized Countries (NICs) – Taiwan, South Korea, countries that develop very quickly and very recently, development challenged neoclassical economics dependency theory, their economic growth is growing faster than first world countries, states played a major role in development, most NICs are developmental states, comparative advantage in labor The Kuomintang (KMT) in Taiwan – nationalist government of China, strong and coersive democracy, one party rule, led development in Taiwan, Park Chung Hee in South Korea The developmental state – cohesive, independent, meritocratic bureaucracy, it has to influence business, not the other way around, intervenes in economic development of a country. Goes against neoclassical economics, typified by Asian countries
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2012 for the course GOV 20 taught by Professor Levitsky during the Fall '08 term at Harvard.

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Gov_20_Short_ID_Terms1-2 - Government 20: Final Exam...

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