Lecture 4 - Romans had every 8 th day off rather than 7 th...

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Varieties 2/7/2012 text=Wilkins ‘Roman Persecution of Christians’ in course reader (timeline) When there’s a crisis in the empire, Romans think there’s a problem with the gods and need someone to blame (Christians) No legislation in Rome; governors in the provinces 110-113—Pliny the younger (emperor of the time=Trajan) 115—Ignatius 135 150—apologists 151—Polycarp (bishop on Smyrna (Turkey)) 160—Justin 177—Lyons 202—Carthage (Perpetua & Felicity); Alexandria 254—Decius 257—Valerian 303—Diocletian 313—Constantine Pliny the younger: Hetaeria=association/club Penates=gods/figures/spirits responsible for various things (fertility, spices, everything) Lares=extension of that idea; spirits of crossroads/roads/boundary markers Crossroads very dangerous (thieves)
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Unformatted text preview: Romans had every 8 th day off rather than 7 th In ancient Rome, slaves were paid/contracted out for the day When not working, ppl spent time at Lares shrine Question arises: is Christianity a hetaeria? Bread and Circuses describes Roman mob; must keep them happy circus=circle, chariot races (gambled) Etruscans (274 BCE)=ancient Italians; chose 2 slaves to fight to the death at sight of creation; dead one is understood to be eternal slave to accompany dead man to afterlife Munera=fight to the death Venetio=the beast games/shows (lions, panthers, rhinos, etc); if person survived, they were awarded with venetio bracelet from the emperor Bestiari=spets in hunts; part of entertainment fatal charades=...
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Lecture 4 - Romans had every 8 th day off rather than 7 th...

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