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Lecture 6 - Varieties*Unit about SEPARATION FROM JUDAISM...

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Varieties 2/28/2012 *Unit about SEPARATION FROM JUDAISM will be put online for lack of time!! The GNOSTICS—from Greek word gnosis=knowledge All claim to have a special secret knowledge Heresiologists=the study of heresy/experts on heresy (not heretics, just experts); using gnostics as example of heretics -Justin, Ireneaus, Tertullian, Clement=church fathers (140 CE)=opposite of Christian gnostics, whom they call heretics orthodox (lower case)=’correct belief’ everybody who disagrees=heresy (from haeresis=school of thought) nobody thinks of themselves as a heretic, cause they don’t admit they’re wrong 1945—along Nile, village called Nag Hammadi-people digging and found jar with 13 volumes of a book, some his mother burned for kindling, others were translated; many were gospels (unheard of gospels though), some treatises, some secret knowledge— called the ‘Nag Hammadi Bible’; apocalyptic group in Judaism Plato & Christian gnostics believe in Demi-urge (lesser being) that was the intermediate
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