psych 3341 exam 2-3.doc - Psychology 3341 Fall 2014 Life Span Exam#2 Study guide \u2013Part 1 Chapters 6(2 7 npn Sigelman Rider 8th ed Lifespan human

psych 3341 exam 2-3.doc - Psychology 3341 Fall 2014 Life...

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Psychology 3341 Fall 2014 Life Span Exam #2: Study guide – Part 1: Chapters 6, (2), 7 npn Sigelman & Rider, 8 th ed., Lifespan human Development Chapter 6 – Perception Sensation: bottom-up processing (p. ), based on properties of stimulus, detection of physical energy from the environment transduction (lecture). conversion of one form of energy to another… changing the energy into neural signals Perception: top-down processing (lecture & p. ). Based on higher level information… prior knowledge or experience or writing.. selecting organizing and interpreting sensory info. Habituation (p. ), decreased response to a stimuli, losing interest… used to detect stimulus discrimination preferential looking or visual preference method (p. ), two objects presented together, longer looking time to “different” one define accomodation, the ability of the lens of the eye to change shape to bring different distances into focus. acuity, visual acuity at 1 month (p. )? poor, 20/600.. prefers bold patterns w/ sharp contrast Fantz’s experiment on infant visual perception (video) – what did they prefer to look at? Odd things and movement. Movement, (video). Figure/ground, contour (p. ) light/dark edges , and patterns (p. ). Size constancy (p.) an object keeps its same size no matter its distance from our eyes… change in size of image on retina is cue to depth , common motion (used at 4 months to help identify contour or figure p., dalmation dog & other video). When do the following mature: brightness 2 months, detection, color detection p., visual acuity/accomodation p. , depth perception (see below)? What
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