MH & Psychology 3341 Fall 2014 Exam #1 Study guide Sigelman & Rider, 8th ed., Lifespan human Development Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Chapter 1 & 2 (Nature of Development) 3 domains of development: physical, cognitive, psychosocial/socioemotional (p. 2-3). What is an age- grade (p. 4)? List examples of rites of passage (p. 4-5). What is the average life expectancy for someone born now? (p. 7) Define maturation (caused by genes) (p. 7) and learning (caused by environmental influence) (p. 7). Developmental issues (see Table 1.2, p. 8 and Table 2.1, p. 36): Nature/nurture p. 7-8, 34-36), Stability & change, Continuity & Discontinuity (p. 34-36), Activity vs Passivity, Universality vs context Specific. What are 3 goals of psychology (p. 10-11)? (Describe, explain, optimize/influence.) What are the 7 ‘key assumptions’ about life-span development listed on p. 12-13? (No chronological stage/age info from the first day’s lecture on this test). Chapter 3 Biological Beginnings (Genetic foundations) What is a gene & what does it code for? Define DNA, chromosome ), allele. How many pairs of chromosomes do humans have (in regular body cells), how many total? What is a karyotype? List & understand Darwin’s 3 main arguments. What are some sources of genetic variability? Define natural selection mutation, genotype, phenotype, meiosis , mitosis, crossing over, dominant gene, recessive gene,
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- Spring '08