Chapter 2 Handout

Chapter 2 Handout - 8/29/11 Health Determinants,...

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8/29/11 1 Health Determinants, Measurements, and Trends N309 Global Health Alexandra Garcia Associate Professor UT Austin School of Nursing Determinants of Health Are… …Factors that influence health status and many health conditions, diseases, and disabilities Key Determinants of Health See Figure 2-1, pg. 19 in Skolnik, 2011 Types of Determinants ! Physical environment, such as ?? ! Access to health services, such as ?? ! Health behaviors and coping skills, such as ? ! Individual characteristics, such as ?? ! Employment and working conditions, such as? ! Child development, such as? ! Social environment… such as ? ! ..more next week! Individual Characteristics as Determinants ! Genetic make up ! Single genetic marker or genetic component for disease with multiple causes ! Age ! Sex – males and females are susceptible to some different diseases, health risks Socio-Cultural Characteristics as Determinants ! Social status ! Income ! Education ! Social role ! Cultural beliefs and practices
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8/29/11 2 The Physical Environment as a Determinant ! Indoor and outdoor environment ! Water. .standing water & mosquito breeding ! Sanitation. .cholera epidemics ! Air pollution. .great smog of London, 1952 Health Behaviors as Determinants ! Smoking ! Safe vs. risky sexual behaviors ! Driving while intoxicated ! High fat dietary habits ! Sedentary lifestyle ! Inadequate sleep Child Development as a Determinant ! Fetal development ! Early life experiences, such as under-nutrition ! Inadequate stimulation Working Conditions as a Determinant ! Access to safety equipment ! Policies about number of working hours, breaks, age of employment, use of safety equipment Access to Health Services as a Determinant ! Ability to get to emergency care…survival of injuries or health crises ! Availability of primary care…basic health services ! Government resources for public health… focused on population health ! Health education ! Safety net programs ! Preventive services, e.g., vaccinations ! Keeping vital statistics Why is it so Important to Focus on Health Determinants? ! Health disparities seen across and within countries ! Political, social, and economic forces impact health ! Much of disease and poor health is avoidable if living and working conditions and health systems are improved
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8/29/11 3 Example Malaria: Killer Number One ! http://www.globalissues.org/article/588/global- health-overview#Healthpovertyandinequality ! What determinates of health are shown in this segment on malaria in Ethiopia? How do we know how much health is present? ! Demographic characteristics ! Health indicators ! Disease burden indicators Demographic Characteristics Population ! What is world ` s population? 6,958,643,254
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2012 for the course N 309 taught by Professor García during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas.

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Chapter 2 Handout - 8/29/11 Health Determinants,...

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