Chapter 3 Handout - N309 Key Determinants of Health N309...

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N309 1 N309 Global Health Chapter 3 Health, Education, Poverty, and the Economy Alexandra A. Garcia, PhD, RN The University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing Key Determinants of Health Figure 2-1, pg. 19 in Skolnik, 2011 Social Determinants of Health Age Sex Race Ethnicity Income Education Geography Language Social status Politics Religion Sexual orientation Ability/disability Environment Link Between Health and Education Intergenerational links Health and education of parents affects children School performance affected by malnutrition and disease Education helps prevent illness Higher Maternal Education Levels Associated with Better child growth and nutritional status Better family health Decreased child mortality Increased contraceptive use More frequent interactions with health systems Examples of Impact of Maternal Education Level Every 10% increase in mother’s education is associated with decrease in infant mortality by 4.1 deaths/1000 births Each 1 additional year of mother’s schooling associated with 7-9% decrease in child mortality
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N309 2 How Is Health Related to Wealth? Health increases longevity Longer lives = more time to earn money Healthy workers more productive Health & Social-Economic Status Health is an engine for growth, learning, productivity Income is having the buying power for staying healthy Education is the know-how to increase income and health Poor Health & Social-Economic Status Poor Health curtails growth, learning, productivity Poverty severely limits buying power for staying healthy No Education hinders know-how to increase income and health Costs of Illness Can Lead to Poverty Treatments may be a large proportion of income Indirect costs related to treatment
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2012 for the course N 309 taught by Professor García during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Chapter 3 Handout - N309 Key Determinants of Health N309...

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