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Unformatted text preview: !"##"## # Alexandra Garcia, PhD, RN UT Austin School of Nursing Explain impact of culture on health Describe cultural variations in health beliefs or practices Describe theories used to explain health behaviors Select culturally appropriate approaches to change behaviors l The integrated pattern of human behavior that includes thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions of a racial, ethnic, religious, or social group z (Cross et al., 1989) set of rules or standards shared by members of a society, which when acted upon produce behavior z a behavior and beliefs that are learned and shared b a Lopez et al., 2006; b Friis, 2007; both cited by Skolnik, 2011, p. 120. l An inherited lens through which the individual perceives and understands the world that he inhabits and learns how to live within it z (Helman, 2000, p. 6). l Culture provides a context through which people come to understand their health status and comprehend options for diagnoses and treatments. z (IOM, 2004, p. 109) !"##"## % Examples: UT community Austin, Texas, USA Religious group Social group Ethnic group Professional group Recreational group Ethnocentrism the tendency to evaluate other cultures, often negatively, from ones own cultural perspective Cultural relativism evaluation of another culture by that cultures standards An important determinant of health Influences health & illness, utilization of health services, health practices & medical treatment Perceptions of illness , what it means to be sick Perceptions of disease Folk illness or biomedical Prevention of illness Diagnosis and treatment Local cultural interpretations of physical states that are perceived as illnesses Usually not recognized by Western biomedicine o Example: Empacho , caused by food sticking to walls of stomach or intestines causing and obstruction, inappropriate food selection, causes bloating, stomachache, diarrhea Body balance o Temperature, energy, blood, dislocation, incompatibility of horoscopes...
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- Fall '11