Chapter 8 Handout

Chapter 8 Handout - 1 N309 Global Health The University of...

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Unformatted text preview: 9/26/11 1 N309 Global Health The University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing Nutrition and Global Health Chapter 8 Why Nutrition is So Important • Child survival, growth, & development • Health and illness: • Childbirth, infections, chronic disease, life expectancy • School performance, & completion • Work productivity, income World Bank: b Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development, ` 2006 • l While world hunger gets more political attention, addressing malnutrition is in fact a key objective of poverty reduction in developing nations. Poor nutrition …has substantive long-term impacts on economies in developing countries. Malnourished children have lower IQs, they perform poorly in school, are more likely to drop out, and have at least 10% lower life-time earning potential. z Which MDGs are Related to Nutrition? Key Concepts in Global Food & Nutrition • l …Proper nutrition and health are fundamental human rights z • Gro Harlem Brandtland, Director-General, WHO, Turning the tide on malnutrition , 2000 Nutritional Risk • Half to a third of all children are underweight or stunted in growth • About a third of deaths of young children relate to being underweight • About 3 million children a year • About 8,000 a day 9/26/11 2 Key Terms • Malnutrition: • Over- or under- nutrition • Undernourished • Underweight • Overweight • Obese • Body Mass Index • Low birthweight • Anemia (iron) • Iodine defciency disorders • Vitamin A defciency Undernutrition “outcome of insufFcient food intake ( hunger ) and repeated infectious diseases. Undernutrition includes being underweight for one’s age, too short for one’s age ( stunted ), dangerously thin for one's height ( wasted ) and deFcient in vitamins and minerals ( micronutrient malnutrition )” Stunting • Low height for age • 2 standard deviations of the median level • Caused by inadequate amounts of calories and nutrients + recurrent infections Wasting • Too thin for height • Often results from acute shortages of food + infection • 2 standard deviations or more from the median Underweight • Low weight for age • Stunted + Wasted • Indicator to measure progress of MDG 1 Terms Defned in Global Nutrition Tanumihardjo, et al. (2007) 9/26/11 3 % of Children with Undernutrition from: http://www.globalhealthfacts.org/ Sub-Saharan Africa; So. Asia Hunger, food insecurity/ shortage, solutions • Hunger: short video • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=qVRpZSizC2o&feature=related •Reducing food insecurity: short video • http://www.fao.org/desertiFcation/default.asp?lang= en (Videos, search, Niger (Keita): people participation, a f orestation, dune Fxation) •Sustainable agriculture: short video • http://www.fao.org/ag/ca/index.html • How does hunger a f ect people physically and emotionally?...
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Chapter 8 Handout - 1 N309 Global Health The University of...

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