Chapter 8 Handout - 9/26/11 1 N309 Global Health The...

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Unformatted text preview: 9/26/11 1 N309 Global Health The University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing Nutrition and Global Health Chapter 8 Why Nutrition is So Important Child survival, growth, & development Health and illness: Childbirth, infections, chronic disease, life expectancy School performance, & completion Work productivity, income World Bank: b Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development, ` 2006 l While world hunger gets more political attention, addressing malnutrition is in fact a key objective of poverty reduction in developing nations. Poor nutrition has substantive long-term impacts on economies in developing countries. Malnourished children have lower IQs, they perform poorly in school, are more likely to drop out, and have at least 10% lower life-time earning potential. z Which MDGs are Related to Nutrition? Key Concepts in Global Food & Nutrition l Proper nutrition and health are fundamental human rights z Gro Harlem Brandtland, Director-General, WHO, Turning the tide on malnutrition , 2000 Nutritional Risk Half to a third of all children are underweight or stunted in growth About a third of deaths of young children relate to being underweight About 3 million children a year About 8,000 a day 9/26/11 2 Key Terms Malnutrition: Over- or under- nutrition Undernourished Underweight Overweight Obese Body Mass Index Low birthweight Anemia (iron) Iodine defciency disorders Vitamin A defciency Undernutrition outcome of insufFcient food intake ( hunger ) and repeated infectious diseases. Undernutrition includes being underweight for ones age, too short for ones age ( stunted ), dangerously thin for one's height ( wasted ) and deFcient in vitamins and minerals ( micronutrient malnutrition ) Stunting Low height for age 2 standard deviations of the median level Caused by inadequate amounts of calories and nutrients + recurrent infections Wasting Too thin for height Often results from acute shortages of food + infection 2 standard deviations or more from the median Underweight Low weight for age Stunted + Wasted Indicator to measure progress of MDG 1 Terms Defned in Global Nutrition Tanumihardjo, et al. (2007) 9/26/11 3 % of Children with Undernutrition from: http://www.globalhealthfacts.org/ Sub-Saharan Africa; So. Asia Hunger, food insecurity/ shortage, solutions Hunger: short video http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=qVRpZSizC2o&feature=related Reducing food insecurity: short video http://www.fao.org/desertiFcation/default.asp?lang= en (Videos, search, Niger (Keita): people participation, a f orestation, dune Fxation) Sustainable agriculture: short video http://www.fao.org/ag/ca/index.html How does hunger a f ect people physically and emotionally?...
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Chapter 8 Handout - 9/26/11 1 N309 Global Health The...

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