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Unformatted text preview: 1 Child Health: From Surviving to Thriving N309 Global Health Alexandra A. Garcia, PhD, RN The University of Texas at Austin Objectives ! Understand the most important causes of child illness and death ! Identify key interventions for improving child health ! Describe success stories in improving women and children ` s health Maternal-Child Health (MCH) Cornerstones of MCH in Global Health Safe motherhood Child survival Child Health Matters ! 8.8 million children die before 5 th birthday " >24,000 per day ! Many deaths preventable by inexpensive interventions ! Large disparities based on poverty, political status ! Children are vulnerable; cannot undertake efforts for their health on their own ! Insufficient progress towards goal of improving child health The Average Child in Low- or Middle- Income Countries ! Is infected with malaria every 40 days ! Will get 3-6 episodes of acute respiratory infection/year ! Will get diarrhea 2-3 times/year ! Illnesses cost families significant money and time ! Long-term disability from LBW, prematurity, measles, blindness, anemia, retardation " IQ scores were 25-65% lower in children with a history of persistent diarrhea (Brazil) Which MDGs are Related to Children ` s Health? 2 Link to Selected MDGs ! More than 50% child deaths associated with malnutrition ! Enrollment, attendance, and performance in school is closely linked with health ! Empowered women are healthier, more educated, and more able to care for children ! Maternal health is a predictor of babys birthweight and subsequent health ! Improving water, sanitation, indoor and outdoor air will reduce child morbidity and death Child l Health z Indicators ! Neonatal mortality rate ! Infant mortality rate ! Under 5 years mortality rate Definitions ! Perinatal = 22 nd week of pregnancy to 1st week after birth ! Neonatal = first month after birth ! Infant = up to one year ! Child = 0 4 years Infant and Under 5 Mortality by WB Region, 2008 Interactive Map ! Global Health Facts Map of Under-5 Mortality: " http://www.globalhealthfacts.org/data/topic/ map.aspx?ind=94 Under-5 Mortality Rates ! !"#$%& ()"* $* +,-./01 -.)&(% $223/ 4, 5,-4)6 748./4)6 9: ;$,8$6 <)=4%&),6 ),- ;(4,) " >(?@ !/. &(.? &(. 2$3,&/4.% A4&( &(. (48(.%& /)&.%@ ! :)&.% A4&(4, 2$3,&/4.% B)/? A4&( 4,2$#.6 .-32)C$,6 8.,-./6 /.84$, ! !D$3& EFG $* 3,-./01 -.)&(% $223/ 4, H/%& #$,&( $* "4*....
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2012 for the course N 309 taught by Professor García during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.
- Fall '11