Chapter 7 Handout

Chapter 7 Handout - Environmental Health N309 Global Health...

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10/24/11 1 Environmental Health N309 Global Health Alexandra Garcia, PhD, RN The University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing Environmental Health !"#$%% 156/7(58159-+ )-29(70: 032; -0 <(++391. =-917 -5. -/7 -5. <((7 ;4 */151
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10/24/11 2 World ` s Dirtiest Cities http://www.forbes.com/2008/02/24/pollution- baku-oil-biz-logistics- cx_tl_0226dirtycities_slide_22.html http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/ 0,28804,1661031_1661028_1661017,00.html http://www.dailyFnance.com/story/10-cities-with- worlds-worst-air/19729753/ Environmental Health Human health and quality of life determined by physical, chemical, biological, social, and psychosocial factors external to a person Includes theory, assessment, correction, control, and prevention of environmental factors that can a f ect health now and in the future (World Health Organization)
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10/24/11 3 Most Important Risk Factors for Environmentally Related Diseases Unsafe water, sanitation, hygiene Outdoor air pollution Indoor air pollution Most Common Environmental Health Problems ! 8.4 % of the total deaths in LMICs Indoor smoke from household use of solid fuels - 3.7% Unsafe water, sanitation, and hygiene - 3.2% Urban air pollution - 1.5% ! Disproportionately a f ects poor ! Reduces productivity ! Young children especially at risk
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10/24/11 4 >-3010()?1-9;,4>([email protected](81A B(=71+-91.9(C56/7(58159-+B1-+9;D How Does Environmental Health Relate to MDGs? Addressing environmental health is central to the achievement of the MDGs
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10/24/11 5 Vulnerable Populations ! Children ! Elderly ! Poorer ! Why are these groups at risk?
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10/24/11 6 Indoor Air Pollution >-301. ,4 /52(8<+191 2(8,30E(5 () )(00/+ -5. ,/(8-00 )31+0 ! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ef3zBm8cdLM F1-.0 9( ! Upper respiratory irritation ! Acute respiratory infection ! Carbon monoxide poisoning ! Cardiovascular disease ! Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (e.g., asthma) ! Cancer ! Reproductive problems Biomass Fuels Cow dung Wood Crop and Logging wastes One solution for indoor smoke: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Db2MRDDhO18
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10/24/11 7 Outdoor Air Pollution Carbon monoxide Lead Nitrogen dioxide, Nitrogen oxides
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Chapter 7 Handout - Environmental Health N309 Global Health...

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