Chapter 12 Handout

Chapter 12 Handout - 11/7/11 1 Alexandra Garcia, PhD, RN...

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Unformatted text preview: 11/7/11 1 Alexandra Garcia, PhD, RN The University of Texas at Austin Mental illness Diabetes Cardiovascular Diseases N309 Global Health Non-Communicable Diseases Cancer Sensory disorders Non-Communicable & Chronic & Degenerative ! Not spread rapidly from person to person or animal to person by infectious agent ! Although infectious agent may be involved, e.g., cervical cancer, liver cancer, ulcers ! Develop over long period of time ! Long duration ! Many opportunities for prevention ! Treatment required over long period ! Can be serious disabling, often lead to death if not treated appropriately 11/7/11 2 Common Non-Communicable Diseases ! Cardiovascular diseases ! Cancers ! Diabetes ! Lung diseases: emphysema, asthma, bronchitis ! Sensory organ disorders: hearing loss, glaucoma, cataracts ! Endocrine disorders ! Neuropsychiatric disorders: epilepsy, Alzheimer’s, mental illnesses ! Sequela of injuries and accidents Remember: Epidemiological Transition ! A change in the pattern of disease in a country away from communicable diseases and towards non-communicable diseases ! Causing a gradual shift in the age pattern of mortality from younger to older ! Reflecting rise in diseases related to behaviors and environment See Skolnik, p. 33 11/7/11 3 http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/lecture/lec0022/014.htm 11/7/11 4 Nutrition Transition ! Increased consumption of unhealthy foods and increased prevalence of overweight in low- and middle-income countries ! Due to: ! Industrialization of food production ! Global supply chain ! Expanded markets in developing countries ! Rapid growth of supermarkets ! Rising incomes ! Cheap production of energy-dense foods ! Demand for pre-prepared foods See Skolnik, p. 135 Demographic Transition ! Trend in demographic characteristics of countries moving from developing to developed status ! From high birth rates and high death rates ! to low birth rates and low death rates See Skolnik, p. 32-33 11/7/11 5 The Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases ! Non-communicable diseases are now the largest burden of disease worldwide , except in Sub-Saharan Africa ! The burden of non-communicable diseases is now greater than the burden of communicable diseases in all income groups ! Non-communicable diseases account for 45% of adult disease burden in low- and middle-income countries 11/7/11 6 Double Trouble ! Low- and middle-income countries have double burden of high mortality rates from communicable diseases AND emerging epidemics of heart disease, and diabetes WHO (2008). Global Burden of Disease – 2004 Update. 11/7/11 7 WHO (2008). Global Burden of Disease – 2004 Update. WHO (2005) Preventing Chronic Disease 11/7/11 8 WHO (2008). Global Burden of Disease – 2004 Update....
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2012 for the course N 309 taught by Professor García during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas.

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Chapter 12 Handout - 11/7/11 1 Alexandra Garcia, PhD, RN...

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