Bush I - Bush I goes to Panama (Smith) Panama owed its...

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Bush I goes to Panama (Smith) Panama owed its existence to the U.S. because of the pressure the U.S. had placed on them Panama canal was a major economic and political asset for the U.S. Jimmy Carter was the President who negotiated the treaty to transfer the canal to Panama at the end of 1999 Panama’s main man, Manuel Antonio Noriega (National Guard’s chief of intelligence 1970), had close links with the U.S. Noriega gained command of the guard in 1983 and began cooperating with the Regan Administration to allow the U.S. to use Panama as a staging area for its military operations in Nicaragua and El Salvador Noriega worked as a double agent because he also had connections with Fidel Castro Noriega also worked with drug trafficking throughout the country He soon held supreme political power but things started unraveling for him in 1987 when he was denounced for electoral fraud, personal corruption and the assassination of opponents In 1988 Miami secured a twelve-count indictment against him under the conspiracy statute RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) because he had accepted money in order to shelter the Medellin Cartel 1988 President Reagan declared that the U.S. goal in Panama “must be the removal of Noriega from power” 1989 Elections began in Panama and were found to be rigged causing more issues in Panama The U.S. increased troop levels in the canal area but Noriega refused to buckle 1989 George Bush discovered a strong political motive for action on the Panama: the anti drug campaign. By November Bush was ready to invade December 1989 the Noriega controlled National Assembly proclaimed that a “state of war” existed with the U.S. and named Noriega as chief of government. Panama went under attack to the U.S. December 20 the U.S. struck Panama with overwhelming force. U.S. controlled the country within five days. This was considered “ Operation Just Cause” January 4 Noriega surrendered Bush got negative remarks from Chile to Mexico because he didn’t consult any of the Latin leaders beforehand Operation “Just Cause” had virtually no impact on drug trafficking even though the American people had widespread support for the successful operation against the war on drugs 1992 a jury convicted Noriega on eight charges of drug trafficking and racketeering and he received a sentence of 40 years in prison without parole May 1999 Mireyra Moscoso comes into office
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2012 for the course POL 378 taught by Professor Zeigler during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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Bush I - Bush I goes to Panama (Smith) Panama owed its...

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